Shroomery Glossary of Mycological Terms Return To Archives | Search

Please Visit Our New Forums at Mycotopia
Please visit our Sponsors

Mycotopia Web Archive » Archive » Shroomery Glossary of Mycological Terms « Previous Next »

ClosedClosed: New threads not accepted on this page
Topic Author Last Poster Posts Pages Last Post
The Shroomy Mushroom GlossaryHippie3Hippie31 1 08-14-03  01:34 pm

Top of pageBottom of pageLink to this message

Hippie3 (Admin)
Posted on Thursday, August 14, 2003 - 01:32 pm:Edit Post Quote Text Delete Post Print Post Move Post (Moderator/Admin Only)

Shroomery Glossary of Mycological Terms

Term Definition
abruptly bulbous (shape of stipe, i.e. stem, base) a bulbous stipe base with a distinct margin and an upper surface either attached at a right angle to the stipe or sloping upward to the stipe; the upper surface is not shaped like the edge of a saucer as in a marginate-depressed bulb (when the upper surface is attached at a right angle, abruptly bulbous marginate bulb)

acanthocytes needle-like crystalline deposits on the mycelium of certain muchrooms

acrid intensely sharp and burning (peppery)

aculeate having narrow spines; spores of Laccaria which are round and have narrow spines on the outer wall

acute sharp or pointed

adnate used to describe gills attached to the stem for their total width

adnexed gills tapering toward the stem so that their attachment is narrow

aequi-hymeniiferous hymenium having basidia which mature evenly all over the surface of each lamella (from Ainsworth and Bisby, "Dictionary of the Fungi"); in opposition to inaequi-hymeniiferous

Agaric a member of the Agaricaceae (sensu lato); often considered a synonym of the mushroom

alveolate surface of spore or cap (pileus) with broad pits

amyloid blue black when stained with Meltzers iodine

anastomosing gills connected by cross-veins

annulus ring of tissue on the stem left from a torn partial veil; collar

apical pore in certain Gastromycetes, the mouth at the top of the spore case through which the spores are released; in spores, a germ pore

apiculus the projection on a spore by which it is attached to the sterigma (spore stalk)

apothecium open saucer-shaped fruit body in a group of Ascomycetes called Discomycetes

appendiculate used to describe the cap margin when hung with veil fragments

appressed flattened down on a surface

areolate cap surface cracked into plaques or blocks (like dried mud)

ascocarp fruiting body of Ascomycetes

Ascomycete name of fungal group that all bear spores in sac-like cells called asci (see ascus )

ascus the cylindrical or club-shaped spore-producing cell that characterises the Ascomycetes. Contains (usually 8) ascospores

aspect the overall shape of a fruiting body as determined by the portions of its parts

autodigestion self digesting or liquefying. Characteristic of the genus Coprinus

basal at or near the base

basal tomentum mycelium located at the base of the stipe; at times forming a velvety layer on the stipe base

basidiocarp fruiting body in which basidia and basidiospores are produced

Basidiomycete name of fungal group that all bear spores on basidia (see basidium)

basidiospore spores borne by basidia (see basidium)

basidium club shaped sexual spore producing cell (or cells) that characterises the Basidiomycetes

bifurcate divided into two branches of equal or unequal length; often used to describe the branching pattern of gills (particularly in the genus Russula)

biscoctiform biscuit-shaped

buff an indefinite pale color; pale dull yellow or very pale tan

bulbous usually used to describe the swollen base of a stem

bulliform bubble-shaped, swollen

bursiform bag-like

button a young fruiting body before it has opened up

caespitose crowded together in a cluster but not attached to each other

campanulate bell shaped

cap top part of a mushroom which bears the fertile tissue

capillitium modified hyphae mixed with spores in the Gasteromycetes

carpophore name given to the stem, cap and gills (fruiting body as a whole)

cartilaginous used to describe consistency of stem tissue; does not bend but breaks with a snap

caulocystidium a cystidium on the stem

cellular where the outermost layer of the cap (cuticle) is made up of spherical cells

cheilocystidium a cystidium on the edge of a gill

chryocystidium a cystidium that stains yellow in KOH or ammonia

cinereous ash grey in colour

clamp connections semi-circular side branches that grow around the septa in many basidiomycetes

clavate club-shaped

concolourous of the same colour

context the flesh of the fungus

convergent used to describe the central tissue of the gill when it curves towards the mid-line

convex used to describe a cap that is regularly rounded or broadly obtuse

coprophilous inhabiting dung

coriaceous leathery

cortina a cob-web like partial veil of silky fibres

crenate scalloped

cuticle the surface layer of the cap or stem, usually distinct from the flesh

cystidium special large sterile cells amongst the basidia on the gills of many fungi – often of distinctive shape and used in classification. Also found on surfaces of cap and stem.

decurrent gills running down the stem (like chanterelles)

depressed used to describe a cap where the central portion lower than the margin

dextrinoid staining brick red with Meltzers iodine

diaphragm a thin membrane that separates the gleba from the stem in a puffball

dichotomous equally forking into two (used for gills)

dimitic when two types of hyphae are present in tissues of members of Polyporaceae

distant of gills that are widely spaced

divergent used to describe the central flesh of gills where hyphae turn outwards from the mid-line

eccentric off set to one side. used to describe how the stem attaches to the cap.

echiniulate covered in spines

ellipsoid rugby football shaped

emarginate of gills notched near the stem, similar to sinuate but with a much more conspicuous notch

endoperidium the innermost wall of the fruit body of Gasteromycetes

evanescent ephemeral, soon disappearing

exdoperidium the outermost wall of the fruit body of Gasteromycetes

farinaceous smells and tastes of flour

fibrillose used of cap or stem surface with thin thread-like filaments which are more or less parallel

fibrose composed of tough, stringy material

filamentous of caps with a cuticle composed of elongate hyphae as in the mycelium (not globose cells)

fimbriate fringed with cystidia or finely torn

floccose covered in loose cottony scales

foetid with a strong offensive smell. (also spelled "fetid")

free gills do not attach to the stem

fugaceous soon disappearing e.g. used of scales

furfuraceous covered in tiny particles like sand grains

fusiform spindle-shaped tapering at both ends

gelatinous jelly like

gills the plates of tissue bearing the hymenium in an agaric

gleba the tissues enclosed within the fruit bodies of the Gasteromycetes

glutinous when cap surface is covered with a slimy layer of gelatinous hyphae

granulose covered with small granules

hirsute hairy

hispid covered with stiff bristle-like hairs usually visible to the naked eye.

hyaline clear and colourless

hygrophanous of water-soaked appearance and translucent, changing colour on drying (usually paler) and more opaque

hymenium the fertile sexual spore-bearing tissues (In an agaric this covers the gills.)

hyphae filamentous threads of a fungal mycelium

hypogeous a fruit-body produced below ground – like truffles

imbricate overlapping like roof tiles

infundibuliform funnel-shaped

innate of scales not readily detached as in Lepiota

intermediate used of gills that do not reach the stem

involute of the cap rolled inwards at the margin

lacunose a surface with wide sunken pits like an irregular honey comb

lamellae other name for gills

lamellate with gills

lamellulae gills that don’t reach the stem interspersed between lamellae

latex fluid often milky that oozes from cut surfaces in some species. Characteristic of Lactarius

lignicolous growing on wood

luminescent emission of light, glows in the dark. Characteristic of some fungi e.g. Omphalotus

marginate when there is a small circular ridge around the bulb at the base of the stem where the universal veil was attached

mucilaginous sticky, covered in slime

mycelium the whole body of a fungus. colony of hyphae arising from one inoculation

mycorrhiza a structure formed between a fungus and individual root tips that enables exchange nutrients OR a mutualistic symbiosis between roots and a fungus

pallid off white

paraphysis a sterile hair like or club-shaped cell found in amongs the asci of Ascomycetes

parasite an heterotrophic organism that needs to obtain its organic nutrients from a living organism

partial veil a membrane of sterile tissue stretching between the edge of the cap and the stem to cover the gills in some agarics during development

pedicel stalk usually used to describe the short stem on puff ball spores

perforate with holes

peridioles largish bodies that contain the spore enclosed within the peridium in the birds nest fungi (Nidulariales) They are dispersed as a unit.

peridium the outer wall of a fungus, especially puffballs

perithecium the flask-shaped fruiting bodies of certain Ascomycetes. They contain asci

peronate of stems ensheathed by a volva

pileus a cap especially in Agarics

pilose with long hairs

plage a smooth area just below the apiculus found on some rough spores

plane flat especially of caps in agarics

pleurocystidium cystidium occurring on the face of a gill

plicate folded like a fan; especially of caps in agarics

popres the orifices of the tubes of Polyporaceae

pruinose covered with a bloom rather like chalk dust; finely powdered

pubescent covered with fine short hairs

punctate marked with minute dots points scales or hollows

repand upturned especially of caps in Agarics

resupinate fruiting structure that lies flat on the substratum with the hymenium covering the upper surface

reticulate net-like, marks made by lines veins or ridges which cross one another

rhizomorph a mycelial strand where hyphae aggregate together in parallel. Commonly found attached to the base of fruiting bodies

rimose splitting radially

ring the membranous remnant of the partial veil

rugose coarsely wrinkled

rugulose finely wrinkled

saccate of the volva cup or bag-shaped

saprophyte obtaining organic nutrients from dead material

scabrous rough with short projections in the form of granules or scales

sclerotium a (often spherical) aggregate of hyphae often with a hard dark-coloured rind, generally thought to be a resting stage with better capacity for survival than mycelium . It can germinate to produce hyphae, or fruit bodies.

septate divided by cross walls

serrate saw-toothed,used to describe the margin of gills

serrulate finely toothed

sessile without a stalk

sinuate notched used to describe gills which have a notch before attaching to the stem

sphaerocysts globose cells in the flesh of Russulaceae, Hypholoma and Stropharia

spore reproductive structure often of a single rounded cell with a thickened wall that disseminates the fungus

sporophore fungal fruiting body

squamose covered with scales

squamulose covered with minute scales

squamulose covered with very small scales

stellate star-shaped

sterigma the stem at the top of the basidium which bears each spore

stipe stem usually of a toadstool

stipitate with a stem

striate with fine radiating lines or furrows around the cap margin

stroma a hard conglomerate of hyphae , found in some Ascomycetes

subdecurrent where gills run down the stem for only a short distance

subglobose almost spherical

subhymenium differentiated tissue that gives rise to the hymenium

subovoid not quite round

substrate the material on whioch a fungus grows e.g. on wood

subtormentose more or less woolly

sulcate grooved

superior where the ring is attached above the middle of the stem

tormentose densely woolly; velvety or with thick soft hairs

trama name given to the flesh or context of the cap or gills

truncate ending abruptly as if cut off

tubes hollow cylindrical structures that bear the hymenium . They replace the gills in polypores

umbilicate used to describe cap having a central depression

umbo a raised conical mound on the centre of the cap

umbonate cap with a raised knob in the centre

ungulate hoof-shaped

universal veil a membrane that initially entirely surrounds the fruiting body. It is broken as the cap expands the stem extends and the gills mature

veil a thin membrane covering the gills during the development of the toadstool

ventricose enlarged in the middle

verrucose covered with small rounded warts - used to describe rough spores

vinaceous pinkish

viscid slimy

volva the expanded bulbous remains of the universal veil found at the base of the stipe in some toadstools e.g. Amanita and Lepiota .

zonate marked with concentric bands of colour

c & p from FAQ
archive material


PHPGlossar Version 0.8
Copyright (C) 2002 Andreas Robertz
Top of pageBottom of pageLink to this message

rodger rabbit (Skyypilot)
Posted on Thursday, August 14, 2003 - 02:25 pm:Edit Post Quote Text Delete Post Print Post Move Post (Moderator/Admin Only)

Cool. When is the test?
Top of pageBottom of pageLink to this message

Hippie3 (Admin)
Posted on Thursday, August 14, 2003 - 02:30 pm:Edit Post Quote Text Delete Post Print Post Move Post (Moderator/Admin Only)

it'll be a 'pop quiz'
so i can't tell ya.
just be ready.

Add Your Message Here
Bold text Italics Underline Create a hyperlink Insert a clipart image

Username: Posting Information:
This is a private posting area. Only registered users and moderators may post messages here.
Options: Enable HTML code in message
Automatically activate URLs in message