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Mushroom Growing Supplies - 1
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All you ever wanted to know about nutrition! A-Zion eweImok Urok223 1 08-09-02  08:33 am

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Hippie3 (Admin)
Posted on Saturday, November 24, 2001 - 02:05 pm:Edit Post Quote Text Delete Post Print Post Move Post (Moderator/Admin Only)

Abort; Abhort: A mushroom that for some odd reason ceases to grow; never reaches maturity. Aborts can be of varying sizes. See Pinning

Additives: Usually a nitrogen source, additives should be used with caution as they are prone to failure.

Agar: A product derived from seaweed and valued for its gelatinizing properties. Commonly used to grow out mushroom cultures. I tried it for the other thing... and it got cool and well... stuck

Alien Tek: Chariots of Fire???

Amanita muscaria: A non-Cubie Shroom


Apprentice: A talented student of the Order, Cleric

Archives: What this document is all about

Asbestos Scare: The reason Vermiculite is so hard to find

Axenic: Not contaminated; Gnotobiotic: Said esp. of a medium devoid of all living organisms except those of a single species

Ayahuasca: See Botanicals

Baking Soda:

Bat Guano: See Additive

Birdseed: See Substrate

Birthing: Removing a cake from it's jar after 100% colonization

Blood Meal: See Additive

Blue Honey: An method of storing shrooms in honey.

Blue Shrooms & Cakes: Things are blue... But they are not in honey...

BRF: Abbreviation for brown rice flour.

Brown Rice Flour: Ground Brown Rice:

Botanicals: Non-shroom enthenogens

Bulk Tek: Hip's Tek for making bulk batches of PF substrate

Busted!!!!!!: What not to do....

Cake: Usually a reference to a P.F. cake. A P.F. cake is a "cake" made from Brown Rice Powder or "flour", Vermiculite, and Water. Mushroom Spores are Injected into this "cake" and the mycelium is grown out in this medium.

CaCO3: Calcium Carbonate, Lime

CaCl2: Calcium Chloride, Damp-Rid, Damp-Gone, Damp B Gone, Damp Away, certain Ice Melts: See Desiccant

CaSO4: Calcium Sulfate, Drierite: See Desiccant

Cap: The top part of a mushroom. Often conical or saucer-shaped, at least in the varieties generally discussed round here

Carmelization: What happens when you overheat Liquid Culture

Casing: A layer of water retentive materials applied to a substrate to encourage and enhance fruitbody production.

Clean Room: A room (typically a bathroom) with a low dust and contam count. Get the rubber gloves and rags

Cloning: Propagating tissue without sexual reproduction. Used to breed true, high cropping, strains.

Cobweb Mold: Common name for Dactylium, a mold that is commonly seen on the casing soil or parisitizing the mushroom. It is cobweb-like in appearance and first shows up in small scattered patches and then quickly runs over the entire surface of the casing soil. It then overwhelms any and all mushrooms in it's path.

Coir: A stiff coarse fiber from the outer husk of a coconut.

Cold Shock: The practice of lowering the temperature of a PF Cake or a Cased Bed to promote Pinning.

Colonize: To establish a colony in.

Colony: A circumscribed mass of microorganisms usually growing in or on a solid medium.

Compost: Decayed organic matter/manure.

Condensation: Happens inside of growing jars.

Contam, Contaminant: Something that contaminates. Undesirable Mold, Yeast, or Bacteria.

Culture: To grow out living material in a prepared nutrient media, such as Agar.

Damp rid: Calcium Chloride, CaCl2: See Desiccant

Dehydrator: Usually refers to a warm/hot air appliance used to dry food. Heat should be avoided when drying mushrooms.

Desiccant: A water absorbing chemical salt, usually calcium or silica gel based, used to dry shrooms.

Desiccator: Sealed container with a permeable barrier or grid. Desiccant is placed under the shrooms and fruits are dried to cracker crispness ready for packing/storage.

Dextrose: A simple sugar used in a 4% solution to germinate spores and grow out cloned cells for inoculation. It is used in the food and brewing industry.

Distilled Water: Water that is purified by boiling the water into steam and cooling the steam back into liquid water. Distilled water has no disolved impurities or salts of any kind. It is pure water.

Dirty Prints: Dirty spore prints

Dosage: What people do with shrooms

DMT: :-)

Double-End Casing: Setting a cake on a jar lid of vermiculite and then putting a few tablespoons of vermiculite on top. Wet down.

Drip Shield: Usually a piece of plexi-glass that is used to partition off a terrarium diagonally. The benefit of the drip shield is two-fold. The top side shields your cakes from water spray when hand misting, and the angle of the bottom side keeps condensation from forming into drops of water on the surface above your cakes where they could land on them and possiby damage the mycelium.

Drying: How shrooms are preserved.

Dung: The excrement of an herbivore... (this is the only dung that we are concerned with)

Dunk Tek: A technique advocated by Hippie3 where fully colonized substrate material is submerged in either water or a suitable nutrient rich broth for 6 to 24 hours. The dunk serves to rehydrate the mycelium, and in the case of nutrient rich broths, to add nutrition as well.

Eating Cakes:


Fattie or Fatass: Slang. Often times when growing on P.F. cakes you will encounter a mushroom or two that grows much larger than the others. This friends, is a Fatass.

Fibrous: Composed of tough stringy tissue.

50/50: Casing of 50% Vermiculite + 50% Peat with lime additives to stabilize the pH.

Flat Cakes: Mycopornographer Eatyualive shows how it's done

Flies: Harpys on cased beds

Flow Hood: A fan powered and HEPA filtered device that produces a positive pressure of contam free air. The air moves across the workspace allowing for open sterile work without the hassle and inconvience of a Glovebox. A big ticket item that can be done very cheaply if you scrounge. You need a good HEPA filter and stack of coarser filters ahead of it.

Flush: The collective formation and development of mushrooms within a short period of time, often occuring in a rythmic manner.

Foil Covers: Squares of foil wrapped over the top of jars being Steam Sterilized.

Fruitbody, Fruiting Body: A mushroom. The part of the mushroom that grows above ground. The sexual reproductive body of the mushroom plant. Fruiting Problems : How Long Does It Take?

General: Quite unlike Napolean's army

Gills: The tiny segments on the underside of the cap. This is where the spores come from.

Glovebox: Just click already...

Grain: See Substrate

Green Mold: Trich, Contam

Grow Chamber: See Terrarium

Growing: It's another world out there. Good place for ???

Gypsum: An additive used to loosen and lighten substrate and casings.

H2O2: 3% Hydrogen Peroxide from the drug store.

Harvesting: What you do with shrooms when the veils break.

Hay. the grassy portion of grain with the heads of grain still attached, more expensive and prone
to contamination than straw, which is the same thing but with the kernels of grain mostly threshed out, leaving just the grassy stalks.

HEPA Filter: See Flow Hood

Honey Tek: Liquid Culture

Humidifier Tek: A method of plumbing a cool mist or ultrasonic humidifier to provide air and moisture to fruiting mushrooms

Hydrated Lime: An additive used to buffer the P.H. in peat based casing mixes.

Hygrometer: An instrument for measuring Humidity

Hyphae: Individual cells of Mycelium.

Hyphal knot: The beginnings of a pin, a small knot of mycellium.

Inoculating: The process of introducing sterile spores or tissue samples into a sterile culture.

Incubation: The process of gently warming a culture to a steady temperature and humidity to promote rapid growth.

IR Tek: Inner Resevoir Tek, a method of introducing water into a cake through a hole, or resevoir. Not to be confused with Straw Tek.

Isopropyl: A volatile, flammable form of alcohol. More comnmonly know as "rubbing alcohol". Used mostly to kill microorganisms in sterilization proceedures.

Invitro: A Latin word meaning "in glass", it is usually used in reference to a growing technique called "Hippie's Neglect Tek", a variation of the P.F Tek. With Hippie's Neglect Tek there is no "birthday", the fruits are allowed to grow in the jar.

Jars: The container in which you pack your Substrate.

Karna: Faithful member of the Brotherhood.

Karo Jar: 4% sugar liquid culture solution made with Distilled or RO Water and what else... Corn Syrup.

Legal & Security: Legal & Internet Privacy info.

Lids: Covers for jars.

Light: Mushrooms need Light.

Lime: Calcium Carbonate, health food store, pickling lime, brew supply. Best if low in magnesium.

Liquid Culture: A technique of germinating spores and growing out cloned mycelium for use as inoculant. Typically a simple 4% sugar solution such as Dextrose, Corn Syrup, Maltose, or Honey is used.

Longevity: Long term storage of Pure Cultures and biological specimens.

Macerate: The process of chopping, shredding, or finely dividing a tissue sample for the purpose of inoculation. Usually done on a sterile plate with an exacto, a drop of water may be added. Tissue may be scooped with the knife, or sucked in a sterile dropper/syringe/pipette.

Magic Mushroom: Any of a number of species of fungi containing the alkaloids psilocybin and/or psilocin. Common species are the 'Liberty Cap' (Psilocybe Semilanceata) and Psilocybe Cubensis (also called Stropharia Cubensis). There are dozens of others.

Maltose: A simple sugar used in a 4% solution to germinate spores and grow out cloned cells for inoculation.

Manure Water: See Additive

MAOIs -- Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors.

They are antidepressants which are effictatious in the treatment of
atypical depression (vegitative symptoms, anxiety, initial insomnia,
etc), panic disorder, anxiety and (recently discovered) borderline
personality disorder.

MAO metabolizes serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine. By inhibiting
this, MAOIs increase levels of those neurotransmitters. Phenelzine (Nardil)
and tranycypromine (Parnate) are the two popular MAOIs. moclobemide
(Aurorex -- called something else in canada) is a recently introduced
MAOI which is slightly different and apparently not as effictatious, although
it eliminates the hazards associated with the earlier MAOIs.

Tyramine is an amino acid which is normally metabolized by MAO in the
gut. After taking tranylcypromine or phenelzine (but not, apparently,
moclobemide) this MAO is inhibited and any dietary Tyramine will not be
metabolized and will cause an increase in tyramine levels in blood. This
is bad due to tyramine's effect on norepinephrine and leads to a
hypertensive crisis. Blood pressure goes up to 180+ over something,
heartbeat goes to well over 100 bpm, and people who suffer one of these
typically report getting the most painful headache of their lives. Sometimes
a Ca-blocker like nifedipine is prescribed for the user of the MAOI to
take to combat this effect should it occur.

Tyramine is in cheese, wines, and anything aged or fermented. Also,
symptathomimetic drugs (MDMA, amphetamines, OTC cold meds like ephedrine,
dextromethorphan, etc) can cause a hypertensive crisis.

MDMDA, LSD, EtOH, chocolate, yohimbine, etc, etc, etc are *not* MAOIs. At
least they are not MAOIs in any way which would be useful to discuss in
this context without giving a thesis that i really don't feel like writing
tonight... For the purposes of 99.9% of the people reading this message,
and based on the description i've givin above of MAOIs, they are not MAOIs.
These are the chemicals to avoid when you are on a MAOI. People have
a tendency to confuse these two categories.

Matting: A condition occurring in the casing layer caused by overwatering in which the mycelium forms a dense, dead layer of cells on the casing's surface. See Overlay.

Misc Teks & Questions: The place I stuck many things I could not remember to put in here. Lots of fun!

Misting: I never have anything to say here. I always post this link

Mescaline: The Duesenberg of Drugs

Methanol: A colorless, toxic, flammable liquid. It is used as a solvent to extract pure psilocybin\psilocin from mushroom tissue.

Mushroom: A fleshy fungus that erects a body of tissue in which sexual spores are produced and from which they are distributed.... Ahhh, what release is Mycoporno.

Mycelium: The portion of the mushroom that grows underground. Plants have roots; mushrooms have mycelium. Mycelium networks can be huge. The largest living thing in the world is a single underground mycelium complex.

Mycophile: A person who likes mushrooms. Mycoporn

Mycrotek: A method of cultivation wherein the substrate is fruited within the same container that it was inoculated and colonized, be it a jar or bag, etc.

Neglect Tek: It is a proven fact that shrooms only grow when you don't look at them

9er Tek: 9 is just one shy of a perfect 10

Non-Cubie Shrooms: Pans & non-cubensis Psilocybes mostly.

OGBD: Old Grey Bovine Droppings

Organic: Any product consisting of, or derived from, a living thing that has been processed without the use of any chemical fertilizer, pesticides, or drugs

OT: Old Timer, Deity

Overlay: A condition of the casing layer where mycelium has been allowed to completely cover the surface. Overlay is caused by is caused by prolonged vegetative growth temperatures, high CO2, and excessive humidity. Overlay, if overwatered, becomes matted

Oven Tek: The process whereby one attempts to use a hot oven as a Flow Hood

Oyster Shell: Pet, feed, or lawn & garden store carry/can get these. You want ground or crushed shells

Pans: Panoleus species of shrooms

Pasturization: A process by which bulk materials are partially sterilized by contact with live steam, hot water or dry heat at temperatures between 140- 160 degrees F for 1 to 1.5 hours

Perlite: Perlite is a bright white, porus volcanic glass that looks like small white gravel. A very lightweight mineral, often found next to the vermiculite in gardening stores. It has millions of microscopic pores, which when it gets damp, allow it to 'breathe' lots of water into the air, making it humid. Mushrooms like humidity when they're fruiting. It is used in terrarium humidification because of it's ability to "wick" moisture into the air.
Please take care around this material- it is expanded glass, crumbles easily, getting glass dust into the air, and you don't want to breathe that. Perlite's good stuff

Peroxidated Agar: Agar made with H2O2 for the purpose of retarding contams.


"First you need to get a hold of some light malt extract powder and some agar agar. Malt extract can be found at your local wine and beer brewing store, and agar agar can be bought from Fungi Perfecti, among other places. You also need some petri dishes, also available from FP, or you can pour your agar into empty jars instead of plates if you prefer. Next, mix three grams of malt extract and three grams of agar (or, if you bought them pre-mixed, six grams of the mix) with 149 ml of water (you should use 149 ml instead of 150 because you want to account for an extra ml of peroxide that you will be adding later). I measure out my water with an empty syringe, keeping in mind that one cc is the same as one ml. I mix and sterilize this solution in a half pint jar, because the amount of agar solution is right for that size jar and because the size of the jar fits well in the pot that I use for sterilizing it. It works for me, but it is not ideal for pouring and I'm sure a better substitute could be found. Anyway, close up your container of agar and sterilize for 45 minutes. I sterilize mine by letting it sit in boiling water in a covered pot, but you could use a pressure cooker if you wanted to. While it is sterilizing, thoroughly clean your plates if you haven't already done so, and stack them on a tabletop. As soon as is possible without burning yourself, move the jar of molten agar to the tabletop, open the lid, and insert a clean thermometer into the agar. Since hydrogen peroxide decomposes at 140 degrees fahrenheit, you need to let the temperature of the agar drop below that before you add the peroxide. Otherwise it will decompose into water and oxygen and be effectively useless. This is why the peroxide is added after sterilization. I have found that my agar begins to solidify at around 120 degrees fahrenheit, so fill a syringe with peroxide and when the temperature falls to 130 degrees, add one ml to the molten agar and stir it in with the thermometer. Then remove the thermometer and pour your plates, stacking them as you go. I can usually pour nine or ten plates with this amount of agar. If you want to make a larger or smaller amount, simply adjust the amounts of water, agar, malt, and peroxide, keeping all the ratios the same."

Petri Dish: See Plates

Peyote: See Mescaline

PF: Psilocybe Fanaticus The original spore provider. The originator of the PF-TEK, the basis for a lot of growing techniques. PF = God PSYLOCYBE FANATICUS
Amanda Park Washington 98526

Phototropic: Grows toward Light

Pie Pan Casing: Easy as pie

Pin, Primordia, Pinning: The first recognizable but undifferentiated mass of hyphae that develops into a mushroom fruitbody. Synonymous with "Pinhead", Aborted Pinheads resemble Joey Ramone.

Plate: A petri dish of Agar inoculated with hydrated mushroom spores or cloned mycelia. See Agar back in the A's...

Polyfil: A polyester fiber that resembles synthetic cotton. Found at fabric stores, WalMart, arts & craft stores, Franks (they still around?), flea markets, garage sales, inside old quilts and pillows...

Pressure Cooker: PC, Autoclave... Pressure Steam Sterilizer. Kitchen canning boiler with locking lid. The contents (jars & plates usually) are heated with live steam killing all contams. PC's operate at 250*F @ 15 psi steam so handle with care and read the directions and safety warnings!

Projects: Fish Tank Heater, custom aquarium lids, fruiting chambers, good Tek.

Psilocybin, Psilocin: An hallucinogenic organic compound found in some mushrooms.

Quarts: Quart jars are used for larger scale Grain and Invitro Teks.

Ramsey Seal: A tek for contam sealing grain filled jars.

Rhizomorphic: A word used to describe the strand or cord-like characteristics of desireable mycelium sectors.

Rice: See Substrate

Rice Cake: Many of the growing methods involve making a 'cake' of rice flour, vermiculite and water, and injecting it with mushroom spores. Not a rice cake like you'd buy in a supermarket!

Recipies: What concoctions can be made with shrooms? Shroom Tea of course... Blue Jello? Blue Honey?

RO Water: Reverse Osmosis processed Water

Rust: Forms on jar lids, generally harmless

Rye: See Substrate :-)

Sanitizing: Technique, usually a chemical solution wipe, for killing contams on smooth surfaces :-)

San Pedro: A Mescaline containing cactus

Set, Setting, and Dosage: Where you are, what you're doing/feeling/thinking and how much mushroom you have taken. By the time you've read the FAQs, and grown a batch of your own, you'll probably have a good idea of how much mushroom you'll need to get where you want to go. Recommended settings are: anywhere natural with as few people as possible (the woods, the beach, a park, a nature reserve); anywhere you know you'll have privacy for the duration. If you're living with your parents, you probably don't want them walking in on you while you're curled up in a corner, giggling happily at the wallpaper.

Shit: See Additive, Substrate

Shroom Wizard Grow Guide: See T.E.K.

Silica Gel: See Desiccant :-)

Simple Cubie Tek: A good place for new growers to browse.

SOS: Sea of Shrooms Tek

Soy: See Additive

Spawn: Fully colonized substrate material used to innoculate bulk substrates.

Spores: What mushrooms have instead of seeds. Absolutely microscopic, but produced by the millions by each and every mushroom.

Spore Print: A sterile piece of paper, aluminum foil, or glass that the spores of a mushroom cap have fallen onto.

Spore Syringe: Many of the techniques for growing mushrooms indoors involve mixing up a spore print with some water, and injecting the result into a sterile container full of something the spores can infect, produce mycelium in, and eat. Several companies will sell you ready-to-use spore syringes for a few pounds/dollars. This site has links to, or address for, many of these companies.

Stamets, Paul: The owner of Fungi Perfecti and mushroom guru. The co-author of the Mushroom Cultivator and many other helpful books.

Steamer: It's not a pressure cooker..., but it can work if you are dilligent. Read and understand the Teks before starting them.

Stem: The stem, or stalk of a growing mushroom.

Sterilize: To make free from living microorganisms; usually with heat or a chemical treatment.

Stipe: The stem of a mushroom.

Major's Tek:

Strain: A race of individuals within a species. Each strain is common genetically but differs somewhat in appearence.

Straw: grassy stems of grain plants such as wheat where the heads of grain have been already removed by threshing, etc.
good for use in bulk substrates. see STRAW

Stroma: A dense, cusion like growth of mycelium that forms on the surface of composts or casings and is indicative of vegetative growth.

Stuck: As in my jar is stuck, or slow.

Substrate: This is whatever you are using to grow the mushroom mycelium out on. Substrate is any material on which mushrooms can grow. Different varieties of mushroom like to eat different things (Rice, Rye Grain, Straw, Compost, Woodchips, Birdseed). Different techniques involve infecting substrates with anything from Spores, to chopped-up mycelium, to blended mushroom.

Supplies: Sources for Syringes, Needles, Vermiculite, Jars, Perlite, Pressure Cookers...

Syrian Rue: Peganum Harmala, a botanical herb containing harmalines, an MAOI.

Temperature: Fruiting : Incubation : Lethal

Terrarium: An enclosure for growing mushrooms indoors.

Tek: T.E.K. stands for Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Sort of like a technique. Often prefaced with something to tell you what type of Tek; e.g. PF-Tek, for Psilocybe Fanaticus Tek, one of the original home growing techniques on which many others are based.

Time: How long does it take for shrooms to grow really???

Timothy Hay: See Substrate

Trich: Trichoderm, Green Mold, Contam

Trip: What happens when you eat the finished product. Can last from three to six hours. May range from mild visual effects and lightly enhanced perceptions, to a totally altered state of consciousness. Generally, this can be controlled to some degree by set, setting and dosage. Read some of the trip reports to get an idea of what other people have experienced. Please always remember, although many of the effects seem to be experienced by many different people, you're going to have *your* trip, not someone else's.

Tyvek - A waterproof plastic paper made of spun-bonded
olefin fibers creating an air permeable moisture barrier.
A search for tyvek, using the search link above, gives:

Veil: A tissue covering mushrooms as they develop. When a mushroom is growing the edges of the cap are joined to the stem. As the mushroom grows larger, the cap spreads and the edges tear away, often leaving a very thin veil of material hanging from the stem.

Vermiculite: A highly absorbent material made from puffed mica. Used in rice cakes to retain water and to help keep the rice from sticking together. It can also be used as a casing material. The mycelium likes room to breathe and grow.

Wet Spot: Common name for the Bacillus bacterium , so named for the way it makes uncolonized grain appear excessively wet. Wet Spot has a dull gray to mucus-like brownish slime look to it. It has a strong but foul smell to it. Some describe the smell as something like rotten apples, dirty socks, or burnt bacon.

Wafer: A slice of a PF cake. Used to lay out Flat Beds

Water: Use good clean water throughout.

Wheat: See Substrate

White Fuzz: A normal white fuzzy mycelial growth

Worm Castings: See Additive, Substrate

Yield: What you expect to get if you learn all this.

Zoo Doo: See Additive, Substrate

(Message edited by admin on May 23, 2004)
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Fishy1 (Fishy1)
Posted on Saturday, December 29, 2001 - 10:40 pm:Edit Post Quote Text Delete Post Print Post Move Post (Moderator/Admin Only)

Does anyone know a conversion from grams to ml or Tbsp.s when using agar and malt extract?
My digi scale seems to have disappeared!!
Don't make me have to leave the house today in search of my scale!! Thanks, lazy fishy1
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An guy (Boomer)
Posted on Saturday, December 29, 2001 - 11:11 pm:Edit Post Quote Text Delete Post Print Post Move Post (Moderator/Admin Only)

Interactive Units Converter
(Calculators for many measurement systems both commonly used like metric and U.S. Avoirdupois and quite exotic like Ancient Greek and Roman)

Select your conversion type, like weight, punch in what you have,
then scroll to what you want.

hope it helps fishy one.
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Admin (Admin)
Posted on Monday, June 23, 2003 - 02:18 pm:Edit Post Quote Text Delete Post Print Post Move Post (Moderator/Admin Only)

Rhizomorphic mycellia on straw.