Here is some data from this source, that I think you will understand better now.
Carbon sources (sugars): https://www.ncbi.nlm...97375/table/T3/
Nitrogen sources: https://www.ncbi.nlm...97375/table/T4/
Note: Proteins are composed of C-H-O-N, and also count as a carbon source.
Some of my updates here, hope that helps you with more options.
Edited by Ferather, 23 December 2017 - 05:01 PM.