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Hericium erinaceus [Lion's Mane Mushroom, Bearded Tooth Mushroom, Hedgehog Mushroom]

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#21 Bobcat



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Posted 04 November 2006 - 02:55 PM

Here's some pics from last years hunting in the Olympic Mountains. /me looks at the calender and realizes he better get his ass in gear.

I think you have the Lion's cousin called Hericium abietus there, TCO! Stellar finds!

Key to 4 Species of Hericium in North America

1. Fruiting body consisting of one unbranched structure. 2

1. Mature fruiting body branched. 3

2. Fruiting body definitely mature. Hericium erinaceus

2. Fruiting body possibly immature; without yellowish or brownish discolorations resulting from age . . . Virtually any North American species of Hericium can look like Hericium erinaceus when immature. The branched species (below) frequently begin as a single clump of spines before developing branches--and while Hericium erinaceus has long spines, its immature spines may be fairly short, causing confusion with the short-spined species (also below). ??

3. Growing in the Pacific Northwest, on the dead wood of fir, spruce, hemlock, or Douglas-Fir; mature spines about 1 cm long; young fruiting body often with pinkish shades. Hericium abietis

3. Not completely as above. 4

4. Mature spines mostly 1 cm long or shorter; growing from the dead wood of hardwoods; widely distributed. Hericium coralloides (formerly H. ramosum)

4. Mature spines mostly longer than 1 cm; growing from the dead wood of hardwoods (occasionally conifers) or from the wounds of living trees; found east of the Great Plains. Hericium americanum (formerly H. coralloides)


Recent molecular biology studies have placed Hericium within the Russulales (it was previously variously disposed in the "Aphyllophorales"), in the family Hericiaceae (see Mushroom Taxonomy for the complete hierarchy). Obviously, there is no morphological distinction one can make that would place Hericium erinaceus and Russula subfoetens in the same order while another gilled mushroom--say, Pluteus cervinus--belongs in a different order. To confuse things further, the order Russulales also contains the polypore Bondarzewia berkeleyi and other morphologically diverse mushrooms. One might argue that the spores of Hericium species are often minutely roughened, a little like the spiny, ornamented spores in Russula or Lactarius . . . maybe. But by this logic, Laccaria species would also belong in the Russulales; DNA studies, however, have placed Laccaria in the Agaricales.

I have not seen a DNA study of the species within Hericium; as far as I know it remains to be seen whether molecular biology will confirm or reject the division into the four North American species above. An extensive cultural study (petri dish "culture," not culture culture) of Hericium mating behavior upheld the four species; see Ginns, below.


Arora, D. (1986). Mushrooms demystified: A comprehensive guide to the fleshy fungi. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. 959 pp.

Ginns, J. (1985). Hericium in North America: cultural characteristics and mating behavior. Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 1551-1563.

Harrison, K. A. (1973). The genus Hericium in North America. Michigan Botanist 12: 177-194.

Smith, A. H., Smith, H. V. & Weber, N. S. (1981). How to know the non-gilled mushrooms. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown. 324 pp.

Works Cited:

Kuo, M. (2004, November). The genus Hericium. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroome...m/hericium.html

Photo: http://www.mykoweb.c...um_abietis.html

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#22 Guest_greysRDbest_*

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Posted 04 November 2006 - 03:29 PM

i like to brown them in salted butter....they taste like crab or toasted cocnut. i often serve them as a kind of mock crab alfredo. make alfredo sauce, pour over pasta and top with chunks of browned hericium. i also like to poach them in asian styled soups. i found a 12lber one year....the comb tooths were out hot this year. btw hedgehog mushrooms are hydnum repandum...they are a cap and stem fungi also known as sweet tooths...they have a smaller cousin called hydnum umbilicatum. some umbilicatum collections are bitter not sweet however....for unknown reasons.

#23 Bobcat



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Posted 04 November 2006 - 03:33 PM

BTW, Spacecowboy has a great grow here:

I'm working on an LC now.... fingers crossed.... fingers crossed....

#24 Guest_lost_onabbey_rd_*

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Posted 04 November 2006 - 11:43 PM

found this guy when we went hiking the other weekend..
too bad i was under the impression you had to cook these guys, or i would have had him for lunch.
to bad too because that's the only one i've ever seen. i might just have to get a culture and try home cultivation.

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#25 the_chosen_one


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Posted 05 November 2006 - 12:44 PM

I think you have the Lion's cousin called Hericium abietus there, TCO! Stellar finds!

Exactly Bob :D Grows on fir and hemlock. Very good eye!!! I've been meaning to make this correction for a while but keep forgetting. :rasta:

#26 dial8


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Posted 06 November 2006 - 09:23 AM

Wow, cowboy did a great job with that thread! I can't wait to get moved so I can start some of the projects I have been longing to do!

#27 bambuda



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Posted 02 November 2007 - 05:42 PM

What a gorgeous bunch of photos! Guess i will have to go investigate the rainforest here in NZ, as i think we have the species coralloides. --Spores of erinaceum being a bit tough to acquire here in NZ...

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