Posted 25 April 2005 - 11:09 AM
Posted 25 April 2005 - 12:02 PM
Posted 07 May 2005 - 02:34 PM
"Growing locations: The northern temperate zone. It grows near the coastline and up to a thousand miles from the ocean. You can find it in North-western U.S. Great Britain, Scandinavia, and west Europe. To be found in tall grasses and on cow fields in the fall. Does not grow on dung or in forests.
The fungi usually feels “slimy”, and the thin, bluish skin is easy to peel of. The spores are dark purple. There are a few “look-a likes”; Panaeolina foenisecii, not toxic and different Inocybe mushrooms, some to be toxic (light).
This rather small mushroom grows about 10-12 cm at most. It is not toxic, and contains large amounts of Psilocybin. This mushroom is highly potent, containing as much as 12.8 mg Psilocybin / per gr. When dried. Heim and Hofmann where the first to detect Psilocybin in this mushroom. It also contains Psilocin and small traces of baeocystine. Psilocybine and psilocine are derived from the same basic compound as the brain hormone serotonine. Effect often comes already after consuming only 3-4 fungi.
Effects are: Energy-buzz, distorted colours and colours melting, geometric patterns, audio-visual hallucinations, surroundings becomes weird, tought-activity increased, a visionary state. Recommended dose is 1-3 gr. dried weights until you are familiar with the effects. 20-50 mushrooms are usually a normal dose. Some prefer a intense trip, and will take 200 or more. This will often result in total ego-loss.
Specimens collected, dried and analyzed, were reanalyzed four years later (without refrigeration). They were found to be almost as potent.
It is possible that this mushroom has been used for psychoactive purposes in Central Europe for about 12.000 years. It was also used by the Alpen nomads (which called them; dream mushroom), and by witches in Europe. Today mostly used in some underground circles for its psychoactivity. Especially in Norway and Denmark."
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Posted 07 May 2005 - 02:56 PM
possible that this mushroom has been used for psychoactive purposes in Central Europe for about 12.000 years
how'd they get that date ?
Posted 07 May 2005 - 04:07 PM
After digging around, I found this information:
Magic Mushrooms Around the World:
A Scientific Journey Across Cultures and Time: The Case for Challenging Research and Value Systems.
Gartz, Jochen. (1996).
"I believe that historic accounts – including those described below – indicate knowledge of and familiarity with psychotropic mushrooms in Europe that is mostly likely derived from usage of Psilocybes and related species, rather than experience with Amanita muscaria.
Tales of ritualistic mushroom usage have found their way into the realm of myths and legends. Psilocybe semilanceata is the most important psilocybin-containing mushroom in Europe and it thrives in parts of Great Britain, where the mushroom grows abundantly all across the Welsh countryside during the fall season.
The Inquisition was unusually cruel and vicious in the Alpine valleys of Valcamonica, Valtrompia and Valtellina (located in the provinces of Brescia and Sandrio in Northern Italy). ... pastures in the area abound with Psilocybe semilanceata during the fall. ... In light of the medieval accounts describing the practice of witchcraft, it is interesting to note that a subjective sensation of flying or levitation is among the commonly reported effects of psilocybin intoxication.
In the course of the ideological power struggle between Christianity and the remnants of pagan religions that worshipped Nature, many sources of knowledge were lost. The aggressive repression and eradication of pre-Christian customs all but destroyed the continuity of Europe's cultural heritage, along with much historic evidence documenting early cultural practices, including the usage of plants and mushrooms for the purpose of temporary alterations of consciousness.
Some authors went so far as to blame the mushrooms for proverbial fits of "berserk rage" attributed to Nordic warriors. Many accounts detailing the phenomenon allude to a "deception of the eyes" (i.e., visual hallucinations). After the Nordic legal system banished the practice of "going berserk", it disappeared quite suddenly during the 12th century. It is just as plausible, however, to suggest that the hallucinogen of choice among early Nordic cultures was Psilocybe semilanceata, a mushroom species quite common in Norway. ...
It is important to note the existence of ancient Northern European rock drawings that depict various mushroom themes, along with the discovery of bronze-age vessels decorated with mushroom-related artwork. The drawings often include renditions of zoomorphic entities as well as mushrooms. Significantly, they predate any reports and speculations about the Berserkers by over 2,000 years.
These ancient images suggest the evolution of early European mushroom cults – a cultural practice that most likely vanished during the early Iron Age, as did many other customs and social practices from that era. Still, the discovery of ancient Northern European mushroom cults is a powerful piece of evidence supporting the notion that psychoactive mushroom usage has been continuous throughout history."
Posted 07 May 2005 - 04:52 PM
Berserkers where my favorite characters in "Erik the Viking" lol
Posted 08 May 2005 - 01:57 AM
So how unique are Liberty Caps I can't say I have seen other muchrooms that really look like them.
Posted 08 May 2005 - 09:40 AM
Posted 08 May 2005 - 11:38 AM
Wow I obviously didn't read the whole post.
So how unique are Liberty Caps I can't say I have seen other muchrooms that really look like them.
There are a few “look-a likes”; Panaeolina foenisecii, not toxic and different Inocybe mushrooms, some to be toxic (light).
Here is a site with pics from Panaeolina Foenisecii:
If anyone knows any other mushrooms that are look a likes, specifically ones to be toxic :) Please chime in.
Cap: Campanulate to convex with an incurved margin in the young, expanding to broadly convex with age, sometimes conical and usually zonate (bands or zones of reddish-brown colors or zones frunning from the outer edges of the cap towards the center of the cap). Smokey brown to dull chestnut brown. Hygrophanous and cap skin craking in age or in drying.
Gills:Adnate and soon seceding, close and moderately broad, dark brown and slightly mottled from the uneven ripening of spores.
Stem:40 to80 mm long by 2-3.5 mm thick. Equal, brittle, pruinose and slightly striate and twisted towards the apex. Pallid to whitish and darkening from the base upwards with age. Veil obscure or absent.
Spores:12-17 x 7-9 microns. roughened.
Sporeprint:Dark brown, not black in deposit.
Habitat: Lawns and grassy areas
Distribution: Cosmopolitan appearing scattered to gregarious in lawns and grassy areas around the world, but not in dung.
Season: Fruiting abundantly in the early spring to summer and again in the fall months
Dosage: This species is not psychoactive and never has been. Some analyses have claimed this species as psilocyian but this was because of mixed collections placed together on herbarium sheets (see Allen and Merlin's article:
Observations Regarding the Suspected Psychoactive Properties of Panaeolina foenisecii Maire.
Comment: This species is very close macroscopically to Panaeolus subbalteatus except it is smaller and does not have verticle white grooves runing up and down the stem and it does not stain blue. This species is common in lawns and is known throughout the globe as the "hay Mower's" Mushroom.
Posted 08 May 2005 - 12:31 PM
Picture 1: Conocybe Tenera (info Erowid.org)
Picture 2: Coprinus Atrementarius
Picture 3: Mycena Haematopus
Posted 09 October 2005 - 09:47 AM
was beautiful the whole day,a beutiful season,amazeing trip
Posted 09 October 2005 - 09:55 AM
I'd like a copy.
How would international payments/shipping work? Paypal no option anymore :(
we can do it now the old fashioned way, mail order.
[or paypal if preferred ]
send the $25 to the address listed in that link
923 NE Woods Chapel Rd. #184
Lee's Summit, MO 64064 ]
but add an extra $5 for international airmail
so $30 in us dollars.
include a note with your shipping address
and specify you want the DVD
thx for your interest
Posted 09 October 2005 - 08:32 PM
Posted 10 October 2005 - 12:06 PM
Cap: .75-2.5 cm broad. Twice as tall, conic with a profused nipple, color is
variable from rusty brown to a pale yellow when dry. Margin striate and
translucent when moist with a sticky gelatinous pellicle.
Gills: Adnate to adnexed, crowded and purple brown. Much darker than
Psilocybe pelliculosa and ascending into the cap.
Stem: 40-100 mm long. Pale to rusty brown. Tough pith which is usually
crooked and can be wrapped around ones finger. Sometimes staining blue
after human handling.
Spores: 12-14 x 7-8m.
Sporeprint: Dark purple brown.
Habitat: Scattered to gregarious in pasture lands but not growing directly in
manure. Also common in lawns, fields or other grassy areas, especially where
cattle and sheep graze. It is also common around the base of sedge grass clumps.
Distribution: Northern California to British Columbia, Canada, west of the
Cascades and along the coastal areas of Oregon and northern California.
Also is common in golf courses.
Season: August through November-December.
Dosage: 20 to 40 fresh mushrooms or from 1-3 grams dried.
Found in the Northern temperate zone, growing near the coastline
and up to a thousand miles from the ocean. You can find it in North-western
U.S. Great Britain, Scandinavia, and west Europe. To be found in tall grasses
and on cow fields in the fall. Does not grow on dung or in forests.
Posted 10 October 2005 - 12:20 PM
does not form symbiotic mutualisms with grass roots; rather, hyphae invade
and consume already dying root cortices in a nutritional strategy edging
towards parasitism. This behaviour may explain some of the difficulties
encountered in the artificial culture of liberty caps, as well as their habitat
preferences. They enjoy dung-enriched soils of various concentrations but
also have clear adaptations for exploiting grass root systems.
Pics from Astraalialma
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