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Psilocybe azurescens


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#1 waylitjim

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Posted 20 October 2005 - 08:49 PM

Ps. Azurescens photos from @Cro

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1129861552

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1129861600

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131391143

*Credit* @Cro

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#2 tobynutz

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Posted 20 October 2005 - 09:02 PM

those are lovely. when is the season for those up in the NW? can those be dried or do they lose potency? it would be an awesome trip to drive there and stumble on to a shitload of those haha

#3 rockawayrooms

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Posted 20 October 2005 - 09:08 PM

Indeed,those are very LOVELY:teeth:
Thx fer sharing Jim!!

#4 waylitjim

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Posted 20 October 2005 - 09:14 PM

This is the season for Azures. (untill late Nov. early Dec.)
They are native to Hammond and Astoria Oregon.
Azurescens do lose quite a bit of magic when dried.
Ps cyanescens keep thier potency better then azures.
Ps. cyans holds its potency for many years when dry
and other collectors have complained that azures
lose a lot of potency in drying (after three to six months.)
They are truly a beautiful species...esp when you eat em fresh ;)

#5 tobynutz

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Posted 20 October 2005 - 09:15 PM

when u say they lose a bit of their power, would they still be stronger than cubes ?

#6 waylitjim

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Posted 20 October 2005 - 09:28 PM

Even when dry, azures are at least 2x as strong as cubs.
When fresh their 3-4x as strong.

#7 rockawayrooms

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Posted 20 October 2005 - 09:54 PM

Is that a toad i see in the first pic?
If it is i'm sure he is having a great time.:lol:

#8 Guest_dial8_*

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Posted 21 October 2005 - 07:29 AM

All I can say is "WOW"!

#9 Psychenaut

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Posted 01 November 2005 - 05:01 AM

I wanna be 2 inches tall running around under those mushrooms in a little mushroom would taking bites out of them here and there. Then I shall have tea with the white rabbit as we watch the morning sun rise on top a mushroom cap. hehe YIPPPY! Those are so pretty!
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#10 panic

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Posted 03 November 2005 - 08:25 PM

jim, i dig how you just seem to come up w/ these pics and facts on different exotics out of the blue like this. gives me some things to think about.

#11 SharkieJones

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Posted 03 November 2005 - 09:15 PM

Very nice as usual. I tried my hand at Cyans. Knocked up some petri dishes...nothing happened. I guess the spores were not viable. At least I can look at your pics and enjoy.

#12 waylitjim

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 02:26 PM

I took these pictures much earlier this season as part of a group of myconauts
named the Psilly Pseven.


http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131391298

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131391298

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131391298

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392171

*Credits* Psilly Pseven Crew

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#13 Guest_dial8_*

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 02:47 PM

I remember this thread. That is f'ing awsome! I wonder if they left any.

#14 waylitjim

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 02:48 PM

Here are some of Anno's beautiful photos.

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392599

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392599

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392599

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392599

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392599

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392599

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131392599

*credit* Anno

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#15 Guest_freakachino_*

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 02:50 PM

I love the natural pictures of the azures. Thanks for sharing those WaylitJim!!!
Or thank the psilly pseven "crew", whatever or whomever they are.

#16 Guest_freakachino_*

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 02:53 PM

Are Anno's and The Psilly Pseven Crew's from different parts of the world?

I'm asking because they have some different cap appearances to me.

Anno's look taller with a smaller more conic cap.
The Psilly Pseven Crew's look like they have shorter stipes with larger wider caps and a tendency for the nipple top.
Very lovely fruits no matter what though.

#17 waylitjim

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 03:06 PM

Abstract: This species can be placed into Stirps Cyanescens of the Section Cyanescens as amended by Guzman (1983). This new species is autumnal and lignicolous, living in soils enriched with deciduous wood- debris, characterestic of riparian woodlands of the coastal regions of the Pacific Northwest of North America. Strongly bruising bluish to indigo-black, this Psilocybe species features a hazelnut to caramel-colored pileus and a stipe whose base radiates clusters of white rhizomorphs. This novel species is delineated through a combination of morphological and microscopic feautures and possesses unusally high concentrations of psilocybin, psilocin and baeocystin.

Distribution: Specimens were first collected on an alluvial plain along the Columbia river network near Astoria, Oregon in 1979. Fruitings of this species are known from Oregon and Washington.

Habitat: - Cespitose to gregarious on deciduous wood-chips and/or in sandy soils rich in lignicolous debris. Aspect collyboid, generating an extensive, dense and tenacious mycelial mat, Psilocybe azurescens causes the whitening of wood. Fruitings begin in late September and continue until harsh frost, usually mid-November.

Taxonomic Considerations: Psilocybe azurescens generally resembles Psilocybe bohemica (Sebek), Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa (Guzman & Stamets), Psilocybe cyanescens (Wakefield), Psilocybe eucalypta (Guzman & Walting), Complete reproductive barriers have been found between Psilocybe azurescens and Pacific Northwest European collections of Psilocybe cyanescens.

In it's natural habitat, the general aspect of Psilocybe azurescens is most similar to Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa but differs in several significant macroscopic features. Psilocybe azurescens has pleurocystidia whereas Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa has long necked, lageniform cheilocystidia, often forked, while Psilocybe azurescens has singly formed, fusoid ventricose cheilocystidia with short necks. Macroscopically Psilocybe azurescens is much larger in form and quickly bruises bluish to indigo-black upon handling. The bruising reaction in P. cyanofibrillosa is less intense and comparatively slow in appearing, which directly reflects it's low psilocybin content (Bocks, 1968; Stamets et al. 1980). Both species are characterized by non- undulating pileal margins.

Psilocybe azurescens also closely resembles a variety of Pacific Northwest Psilocybe widely reported as Psilocybe cyanescens, a species originally discovered in the British Isles. This variety of Psilocybe cyanescens gained considerable notoriety in the mid-1970's. Yet, this mushroom has probably been confused with other taxa. The mushroom portrayed in many popular field guides and identified as Psilocybe cyanescens differs from the type in the relative number of surface cystidia.

In the Pacific Northwest, Psilocybe azurescens can be macroscopically distinguished from Psilocybe cyanescens by the following combination of features. Psilocybe azurescens has a cap margin characteristically even, not undulating and has a persitent, pronounced umbo at the disc when the pileus fully expands. The variety of P. cyanescens from the Pacific Northwest is characterized by distinctive, exaggerated undulating margin, resembling a sine-wave at maturity and is notably non-umbonate. In general, Psilocybe azurescens, as it is presently understood, is substantially larger than most collections of Psilocybe cyanescens. Microscopically, the pleurocystidia in Psilocybe azurescens are mucronate whereas the Pacific Northwest form Psilocybe cyanescens can become distinctly capitate at maturity. Otherwise, the microscopic features of Psilocybe azurescens are largely coincident within the range reported for the Pacific Northwest Psilocybe cyanescens.

A closely related species is Psilocybe eucalypta (Guzman & Watling.) Psilocybe eucalypta has smaller and narrower cheilocystidia, only 15-25 x 4.4-6.6 um in comparison to Psilocybe azurescens cheilocystidia which measure 23-28 x 6.5-8.0 um. Furthermore, Psilocybe azurescens produces a more massive fruitbody, with a pileal diameter of 30 to 100 mm whereas P. eucalypta is smaller, falling within a range of 15-38 mm. P. eucalypta has thus far only been reported from the region centering around eastern Australia.

Psilocybe azurescens is being named for the soft blue tones present on the mushroom, before handling or damage, especially along the cap margin and in the basal mycelium. Additionally the name also honors the son of one of the authors (Paul Stamets).

Chemical Analyses: In comparison to other species of Psilocybe, the fruitbodies of Psilocybe azurescens contain unusually high concentrations of psilocybin, psilocin and baeocystin - accumulating to more than 2% of the dry biomass of the mushrooms (Beug & Bigwood, Gartz) Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) reveals a nearly identical profile of extracts from P. semilanceata and Psilocybe azurescens (psilocybin, baeocystin and six minor alkaloids), differing only in psilocin content (Gartz, 1985). Baeocystin is present in high concentrations in Psilocybe azurescens and P. semilanceata. Gartz has determined that baeocystin is also a hallucinogenic compound.

Information from Paul Stamets and Jochen Gartz
"A new caerulescent Psilocybe from the Pacific Coast of Northwestern America"

#18 waylitjim

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 03:12 PM

Are Anno's and The Psilly Pseven Crew's from different parts of the world?
I'm asking because they have some different cap appearances to me.
Anno's look taller with a smaller more conic cap.
The Psilly Pseven Crew's look like they have shorter stipes with larger wider caps and a tendency for the nipple top.


Anno's Azures are from the Netherlands,
The Psilly Pseven Azures are from Oregon.
Good observation Freakachino. ;)

#19 Guest_freakachino_*

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 03:21 PM

Great info there Waylit!!!! I learn so much here at Mycotopia everyday :D

So the climatic variables must play a strong role in the appearance as well. And I never knew there were so many similar psilocybes (woodlovers) in appearance to them besides the cyans.

I love the pcitures of them in nature, so beautiful.

#20 waylitjim

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Posted 07 November 2005 - 03:43 PM

Well these are cyans,
but the picture is so cute,
it deserves a spot here. :)

http://mycotopia.net...=1&d=1131396203

*credit* cute kitty and shrooms -icehouseshaman :)

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