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The Greatest Mushroom Library Amanita (Soma) Part Two

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#1 Man of Knowledge

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Posted 18 July 2010 - 03:43 PM

0kay, a few short papers and 24 books on Amanita from my library including both the paperback edition of Wasson's Soma and the Deluxe Edition worth quite a bit.

I am staying away from the Vedic scriptures of the Rig Vida which has hundreds of versus devoted to exalting the praises of Soma ( possibly Amanita muscaria, although a few scholars are currently writing books identifying it as a plant substance.
The Aryans brought Amanita and Hemp over the mountains 3000 years ago or so. BENGAL in India is where the4 term BHANG CAME FROM.

I want to point out that in 1730 A German reported on the use of Amanita in Siberia and thus followed dozens of new reports each year since of explorers, travelers, lost seaman, vagabonds, scientists botanists etc who wrote of the use of the Beautiful red and white shroom, sometimes misidentified as being a tool in association with Santa and christmas, and in religious writings etc.

While the Vedic Scriptures the Rig Vida talked of the drinking of the urine which was common in Siberian, it was also noted the reindeer who loved Amanita urine and could smell it from half a mile away when a man under the influence was taking a leak and reindeer where known to stampede over humans who had partaken of this mushroom and some of the related species.

While the first report of this mushroom in Siberian came in 1730 by a German explorer, 20 years later, R. Gordon Wasson was shown a letter form a Jesuit priest in French Quebec who wrote to his brother, also a Jesuit priest in Paris and wrote about American Indians in the 15th century Canada and northern New York, Michigan Ontario regions in the 1600s, over 100 years before it was discovered in Siberia/ that was a score. and in Keewaydinoquay, the Ojibway shaman who presides over Amanita ceremonies, Wasson brought her to speak showing the birch bark scroll over 400 years old used by her tribe telling the story of how the two bear brothers found the Amanita and it has been used in their culture ever since.

A beautiful photograph I took of a patch in Astoria at an old naval air station hospital that was closed up but had caretakers, this land produces over 100 pounds every fall in a field of birch trees.

The book of hymns devoted to Soma.


Mankind has learned though historical references in the known literature that there were two ancient civilizations which utilized mushrooms in a religious context. These two distinct civilizations were so far remote from each other, not just geographically, but also culturally. Yet they knew the secrets of the universe that we of the present have forgotten.

Although visionary plants have been used as catalysts to divination by hundreds of civilizations since mankind first walked the Earth, only two civilizations are of major importance in the field of ethnomycology. The most notable of the many cultures who employed some of these psychoactive plants as a key to divination were allegedly the ancient Aryans of Northern Eurasia, while the Aztecs and other Mesoamericans, as well as the Mayan people of Middle America also employed certain mushrooms in their rituals and culture.

The Aryans are believed by some, to have made use of a sacred divine god-plant which they, in their written records, often referred to as "Soma." It has been theorized that the entheogen in question is a mushroom species known as Amanita muscaria (Fr. ex L.) Hooker. The virtues of Soma are known to have been exalted and praised in hundreds of verses throughout the 9th and 10th mandala of the Rig-Veda (the Vedic scriptures). Use of this sacrament (Soma) by the ancient Aryan priests and their people had flourished for more than two thousand years (Wasson, 1967, 1968, 1970a, 1970b, 1971, 1972, 1979a). Now it is only an uncharted memory in the pages of Vedic history, its use has been aerated by western civilization. But its secrets are once again being questioned as to exactly what was the "Soma" and when did it's use disappear? We need only to look and maybe we shall find the answer. Although the Wasson's had suggested that "Soma" was a mushroom, most likely Amanita muscaria. R. Gordon Wasson, had pointed out that this mushroom was worshipped by the ancient Aryans and that several groups of primitive tribes currently living in Northern Siberia also used the Amanita muscaria mushroom in a cultic manner. However, several other plants such as Cannabis sativa (marijuana), Peganum harmala (Syrian rue) and even the coprophilous mushroom Psilocybe cubensis have also been thought of as being the "Soma" plant of the ancient Aryan religions. Currently a renowned scholar has claimed that he has identified the actual Soma plant and is writing his doctrine on its identity and cultural use.

In Mesoamerica, the Olmecs, the Toltecs, the Aztecs, and the Mayans, employed numerous visionary plants ritualistically in healing ceremonies. Mushrooms were one of the most important of the psychoactive agents employed by the Aztecs and their ancestors, the Náhuatl-speaking peoples. These sacred mushrooms belonged principally to the genus Psilocybe. Several investigators, who first studied the use of these plants in Mesoamerica, have noted that some species of Panaeolus and Conocybe may also have been employed in ritual healing and curing ceremonies, as well as Amanita species. Several of the early Spanish chroniclers



Isolated groups of Finn-Ugrian people, the Ostyak and the Vogul of Western Siberia are known to employ Amanita muscaria shamanistically, as do the Chukchee, Koryak and Kamchadal people of Northeastern Siberia (Heizer, 1944; Brekham & Sam, 1967; Wasson, 1968; LaBarre, 1975). Other reports have indicated and/or been verified, that the use of Amanita muscaria is not just restricted geographically to western and northern Siberia. Both Graves (1960) and Schultes (1976) have indicated that some Finns and Lapps, as well as a small enclave in Afghanistan may have used, and still do, use this species shamanistically (Graves, 1960; Schultes, 1976) and both have reported on its possible use in both in Japan and the Philippines. The use of Amanita muscaria was recently reported among some groups of North American Indians (Wasson, 1979b). In her books "Windmills of the Mind" and "Hallucinogens: Cross Cultural Perspectives," Marlene Dobkin de Rios (1976, 1984) discusses the strange custom of Amanita urine-drinking by the reindeer herdsmen of Siberia. This interesting habit had first been reported by travelers and explorers in Siberia during the late seventeenth and eighteenth century and similar evidence of the urine-drinking is also mentioned in the Vedic scriptures (Wasson, 1968). It has been suggested that some psilocybian mushrooms may have also been employed traditionaly in primitive Siberian shamanistic cultures (Wasson, 1968).


In North America, Amanita muscaria has been observed and reportedly used among two different groups of native American Indians:

l). the Dogrib Athabascan (Schultes & Hofmann, 1979) and

2). the Ojibway of Northern Michigan, U.S.A; and Ontario, Canada (Keewaydinoquay, 1978, 1979, 1998; Wasson, 1979b).

Use of this species of Amanita by Native American Indians dates back over four hundred years. This is the only record of a group of North American Indians who have used a mushroom as a sacrament.

Active ingredients isolated from Amanita muscaria and some related species include ibotenic acid and muscimol (Saleminck, 1963; Eugster, Jolly & Good, 1965).

The same causative agents have also been isolated from a similar species; Amanita pantherina (Takemoto, Nakajima & Sakuma, 1964). Both of the above-mentioned species are sometimes employed as recreational drugs in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States (Ott, 1978; Weil, 1977, 1980). Furthermore, there are several other species of Amanita which also contain these classical agents (Ott, 1993; Guzmán, Allen & Gartz, 1999).

The Traditional use of Amanita muscaria in North America

The Traditional use of Amanita muscaria in North America. Notice the reference by Wasson of the letter to the priest in Paris and the comments of the going to heaven eating shrooms and having sex. I just turned up a few more dozen such comments about psilocybian fungi. And remember that this amazing discovery of this letter shows that North America Indians, although they did not use psilocybin mushrooms, did use Amanita mushrooms, at least 100 years before their use was discovered in Siberia

Both read by Wasson and Keewaydinoquay at conference and then published in the Journal of Psycedelic Drugs.
Page 25

Page 26

Page 27-38

Keewaydinoquay reads her birch bark scroll at the Hallucinogens and Shamanistic Conference on Native American Life in San Francisco's Japan Trade Center in October-November of 1978.

COntinued tomorrow with 24 beautiful Mushroom Field Guides and books specifically on Amanita muscaria.

Unfortunately, the nicest books are in German with several hundreds of pages and each page has photos on the left and right side of each pages text. While many could not read German, the photos are worth looking at,but I am only posting the cover author and year of publication. I am not including the 350 references in my bibliograph as they take to much space.

Man of Knowledge (mjshroomer)

hey to all, Happy Sunday.


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#2 roc


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Posted 18 July 2010 - 03:56 PM

Have a great day john!

Thanks again...

#3 Man of Knowledge

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Posted 18 July 2010 - 07:07 PM

Have a great day john!
Thanks again...

Andrija Puharich, 1959, The Sacred mushroom.

Daniel Efron's united Nations publication from the 1st conference Symposium on drugs help in Japan in the fall of 1967, An Ethnopharmacological Search for Psychoactive Drugs." (out of print over $400 dollars in value.

Wasson's Special Edition of Soma, 1968. privately printed as was Mushrooms Russia and history and the 2 vols. Heim and Wasson set on hand-made paper.

Wasson's hardbound and first edition of Soma 1968, 1969.

John Allegro's, The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross, 1st edition, 1970.

Jose Maria Ferigla, Bookon Cultures for Amanita muscaria, 1985.

Giorgio Samorini,s 1985 book on the Ethnomycology of Amanita muscaria with a little of the psilocybian fungi front cover:

Giorgio Samorini's 1985 Amanita book titled, Funghi allucinogeni: Studi Etnomicologici:

Journalist Peter Gorman's 1987 High Times Sage of Soma with a photo ofo R. Gordon Wasson by John Allen.

All mushroom double issue, Amanita, Kuma (Boletes) and Psilocybe. 1992 edition of Integration: The journal of Mind-Miving Plants and Kultur, Vol. 2-3. Each page is half German on one side of page and Half English on other, articles on Amanita by Clark Heinrich and others and two articles by John Allen on Koh Samui shrooms and index to species ID by Allen, Guzman, and Gartz,/ Well illustrated double issue:

Eleusis Article on Amanita by Jonathan Ott, 1998 (3 pages of cover, index and title page of article by Ott.

Amanita booklet (1998) 4 x 6 inches, 62 pages, wrap-a-round cover, illustrations to Amanita in Italy and nearby European countries. Analysis also.

Peter Lambourn Wilson, Ploughing the Fields, "The Search for Irish Soma." 1999. I have personal edited by me copy in my files.

Man of Knowledge (Mjshroomer)
See below in next post for last 15 covers and some images of Amanita.

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Edited by Man of Knowledge, 18 July 2010 - 07:21 PM.
Resize image of Ott's paper

#4 Man of Knowledge

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Posted 18 July 2010 - 08:10 PM

Hi, here after some confusion on the last post and a couple of way oversized two feet wide images, I finally figured the shit out to paste the page in correctly.''

James Arthur's Mushrooms and mankind. 2000.

James Arthur's Amanita muscaria: The Mushroom that shaped the Universe. 2000.

Sergius Golowin, Hexing drugs and witches in Europe and Germany. Image of Amanita asking about Mushroom john Allen. 2000.

Camilla Gosso's book on Amanita in Europe adn other cultures. 2000

Wolfgang Baeur, Edward Klapp and Rosenberg, Der Filgenpilze (2 sections in beautiful color) Expensive in Eurodollar. 2000.

Clark Heinrich's "Magic Mushrooms in Religion and Alchemy 2002. Also lavishly illustrated in full color pages of amanitas.

Mark Hofmann;s beautiful journal of three issues in full color, Entheos vol. 1: 2001

Mark Hofmann's beautiful journal of three issues in full color, Entheos vol. 1 number 2: 2001

Mark Hofmann's beautiful journal of three issues in full color, Entheos vol. 2. number1: 2002

Giorgio Samorini's Animals and Psychedelics. 2002. Yes deer and squirrels love to frolick on Amanita and snails love Psilocyes and Amanitas.

The last five of the 36 or so photos and covers of the Amanita library. As I noted, I really did not want to spent a week posting the front pages of more than 380 articles on Amanita wtritten over the years, beginning with the letter from the priest in Acanada to paris, and then 100 years later, all of the References that followed were on the siberian tribal groups who used Amanita. they also would sell and trade reindeer for mushrooms. the Russian Government (KGB) tried to discourage the tribal groups into not eating mushrooms by offering them free high grade vodka.

The late thomas Lyttle (psychedelic Monographs and Essays and Psychedelics reconsidered) wrote of Amanita in High Times. 2003.

Jan Irvin and Andrew Rutajit, 2005 write on Astrotheology and Shamanism.

Italian ethnobotnist and Ethnomycologist, Gianluca Toro wrote this 2009 DVD/CD pm Christian elements of mushrooms from biblical sources, church frescoes, bas reliefs, all showing shroom symbolism. In color and very nice to project it to a larger than computuer screen.


An Amanita and buddha garden display in Bangkok at the King and Queen of Thailand's Mushroom and other agricultural products and their private gardens have created programs whose income from the making of such items as silk flowers, peacocks, spirolina, reeshii mushrooms and medicinal extracts, corm milk and other soy like products is donated to the poor hill tribes people of thailand. everyone in Thailand loves their King and queen. There are several of these beautiful Amanita statures along the garden way of the gated fence that surrounds the compund where soldiers stand in guard booths, and their is an outside moat surrounding the Kings Gardens. Some of the very rare white elephants owned by the King live herein these gardens.

While I have photos of these guys in the day and night, This one is a laser print that actually came out pretty good.

May the Lord Buddha protect and keep all the shroomer safe and happy. so ends part two of my series of the worlds greatest shroom libary. this covers all of the known Amanita books that specifically deal with the subject matter. All except the david Efron book, "An Ethnomycological Search for Psychoactive Drugs."
I think I will do the magic mushroom field guides next in a few days. It is hard to organize, resize and lay these images out in a folder for display and realize I have to add every now and then an actual shroom article, such as the front page of the first Psilocybe monograph, etc.

The guide will begin with actual incidents published in the literature that reported on several renown cases of ingestion by mistake because they did not know what was int he shrooms. The first chemical attempt, and many od no know this,including Ott and Stamets until I gave them copies a few uears back, that Dr. Michael Levine in 1918 tried to find outr what was in Panaeolus venenosus (pan subbs), a synonym). He even gave frogs, toads, ducks, rabbits, rats, cats, turtles, monkeys shrooms, as well as coccaine trying to find out what made people feel so good agter eating them. After a while he realized that the animals could not describe tohim in any words he would have understood as to what they were eperiencing.

Years later in the mid to late 1950s, Albert Hofmann also came to the same conclusion and realized that he would have to ingest some himself in order to see of anything was happening or not. then a few days later he called in all of his lab rats (comrades) and enticed them to participate in eating a few to confirm his findings. and so on and so forth and that is where we are all at today.

later I am now blind for the rest of the computer time.
peace my friends.

That high speed should uploads the images real friggin fast.

Man of Knowledge (mjshroomer)

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Edited by Man of Knowledge, 18 July 2010 - 08:38 PM.

#5 Man of Knowledge

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Posted 19 July 2010 - 09:02 AM

Hi, here after some confusion on the last post and a couple of way oversized two feet wide images, I finally figured the shit out to paste the page in correctly.''

That high speed should uploads the images real friggin fast.

Man of Knowledge (mjshroomer)

Here is a color photo from the large sized German book edited by Wolfgang Bauer, Edzard Klapp amd Alexandra Rosenbohm.

I really like the deep Crimson look of these guys. Back in 2001, ******** visited with me and we went out and photographed lots of cyans and othr magic shrooms and edibles.

Then after he left, they drove to a place I took them to several days before and found a similar patch to the ne in this picture, only growing form the outer garden into and under the bushes.

Here is the iamge formthe German Book which has 18 different articles on different aspects of Amanita, including a list of itrs name throughout the world.

The Man of Knowledge (mjshroomer)

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#6 pizark2



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Posted 19 July 2010 - 09:55 PM

thanks and some beautiful pics

the cover to 1959 "the sacred mushroom" is similar to what I see on dmt

#7 Man of Knowledge

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Posted 16 September 2010 - 09:41 AM

The following book was supposed to be posted below the inside 1st page of the Sergius Golowin's book coveres inside cover and 1st page showing the printed mushrooms asking about me (John W, Allen) and directly above the Wolfgang Baeur, Edward Klapp and Rosenberg, Der Filgenpilze (2 sections in beautiful color) Expensive in Eurodollar. 2000.
book a few posts up that included the Entheos 1-3 journals and the PSychedelics and Animals book by Giorgio Samorini. While it is in the photos posted at the bottom of that post. It failed to appear in the post where it belonged. so here it is.

Man of Knowledge

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