Posted 19 October 2010 - 06:59 AM
Bee pollen is also an additive in my substrate. The way I figure it, most mushrooms have adapted thier fruiting clock according to the seasons, or when the first rains of autumn arrive. The colder times could very well be signaling that the pollen in the air left over from spring and summer is being cleansed from the atmosphere and washed into the soil providing nutrients . It is just a hypothesis but I believe it carries merit. Pollen does carry some fungal spore which is why I make sure I ground it to a powder and add it first into the Cinnamon infusion after it has cooled to avoid enzymes being destroyed and to make sure any unwanted fungal spores are killed by the Cinnamon infusion.
The science involving the study of Bee Pollen is known as Palynology.
Bee Pollen is one of the richest and purest natural foods ever discovered, and the incredible nutritional and medicinal value of pollen has been known for centuries.
Pollen grains contain the male germ cells (elements) that are produced by all plants, flowers or blossoms. This is essential in order to ensure that plant life throughout the world continues by a process involving fertilization and plant embryo formation.
One teaspoonful of pollen contains approximately 1,200 pellets or 2.5 billion grains, each of which has the capacity to supply those factors that are necessary in order to fertilize and reproduce the particular species that it represents (such as a fruit, grain or tree). Pollen is composed of myriads of microspores that are produced in the anthers of flowers and in the cones of conifers. Each grain measures approximately .002 inches in diameter (although the representative diameter is somewhere near one-half millimeter), and each bee-collected pellet contains approximately two million grains of pollen.
Pollination consists of the transfer of pollen from the anther of a stamen to the stigma of a pistil. This, in turn, produces a fertilization of the ovules in the ovary, which subsequently develops into the growth of seeds. A single spike of Ragweed or a single strobile of Pine may produce up to six million grains of pollen, and as many as four million grains may be found in a head of rye. Many plants are pollinated by wind, rain or water-currents, while colorfully attractive or scented flowers containing nectar are largely pollinated by insects (including flies, bees, wasps, butterflies, beetles and moths).
Pollen gathered by bees is superior to that obtained directly from flowering plants. The bees are extremely discriminate about selecting the best pollen from the millions of grains that are present. Of these, only two types are found, namely, anemophile pollen grains (which are not collected by bees, and produce allergic reactions) and entomophile pollen grains (which are collected by bees, and possess greater nutrient content). In actuality, entomophile pollen grains have been employed in the successful treatment of airborn pollen allergies. It is apparent that the bees only select those grains of pollen that are rich in all the nutrients, especially nitrogenous materials. The bees mix the pollen grains with a sticky substance that is secreted from their stomachs, which allows the pollen to adhere to their rear legs in "pollen baskets" in order to safely transport it to their hives.
Many other flowers are also pollinated by certain birds, such as sunbirds, honeycreepers, lorikeets and hummingbirds. Marsupials (such as honey "mice" and bats) will also pollinate certain flowering plants, and even snails have been observed transporting pollen.
Pollens are usually designated by their flower origin in order to establish certain preferences that are dependable. The color and shape usually indicates the species of plant from which it was obtained, as well as the specific geographical region. Although the color of pollen is normally unimportant, it will range from golden yellow to black according to its source. Pollen contains many varieties of pigments, of which only a small number have been isolated. Certain pigments are water-soluble, while others are fat-soluble. This accounts for the many varied colors of honey (including the ambers and greens), and the yellow of beeswax is a fat-soluble pigment.
Pollen contains the richest known source of vitamins, minerals, proteins amino acids, hormones, enzymes and fats, as well as significant quantities of natural antibiotics. Most of the known vitamins in pollen exist in perfect proportion, which further enhances their value.
There exists anywhere from 5,000 to 9,000 micrograms of active carotenoids, which are converted into vitamin A in the body. The carotenoids are available in the pollen of insect-pollinated flowers, but are missing from wind-pollinated species. Carotenoids (Provitamin A) are present in the Lipochrome fraction (which are xanthophyll esters), and may range from 50 to 150 micrograms per gram. The pollens richest in carotene may contain 20 times as much as is present in an equivalent weight of carrots, thereby making pollen a good source of Provitamin A. The carotenoids are usually combined with the outer layer of the pollen grain (the sporonine), but some may also be bound to the protein of the pollen cell. In addition to the class of carotenoids, there is another group of pigments found in pollen, namely, the flavin pigments (flavones, flavonols). Furthermore, cytochromes also occur in pollen.
The following quantity of B-Complex vitamins are found in one gram (1,000 milligrams) of fresh raw pollen:
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 9.2 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 18.5 mg.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 5.0 mg.
Nicotinic acid 200.0 mg.
Pantothenic acid 27.6 mg.
Folic acid 5.0 mg.
These amounts should be increased by 20 to 25 percent for all varieties of dry pollen. All forms of bee pollen contain higher amounts of vitamins B1, B2 and E than found in fruits, berries and green vegetables.
One gram of fresh raw pollen contains from 7 to 15 mg. of vitamin C, along with traces of vitamin E (tocopherol).
Although vitamin K does not exist in mixed pollens, it is usually found in fermented pollen (bee bread). It is most likely created by bacteria that either accompany or assist in the fermentation process whenever pollen is stored in the cells of the combs. While ordinary pollen gradually deteriorates while in storage, bee bread closely resembles fresh pollen and retains its food value (even after more than two years).
Pollens usually contain as much as 17 milligrams of rutin, although beehive stored pollen may contain up to 13 percent. The richest supply of rutin is found in buckwheat pollen, due to the fact that rutin is derived from buckwheat. Daily consumption of from 60 to 70 grams of pollen is considered safe insofar as the intake of rutin is concerned.
Various other vitamins found in pollen include B5, B12, D, biotin, inositol and PABA.
The mineral content of bee pollen is as follows:
Calcium 1 to 15% of ash
Chlorine 1% of ash
Copper .05 to .08% of ash
Iron .01 to .3% of ash
Magnesium 1 to 12% of ash
Manganese 1.4% of ash
Phosphorus 1 to 20% of ash
Potassium 20 to 45% of ash
Silicon 2 to 10% of ash
Sulfur 1% of ash
The total mineral ash in pollen may vary from 1 to 7 percent (with a mean average of 2.7 percent), which is similar to that of grains and certain seeds.
Bee pollen contains up to 59 different trace minerals, and all minerals found in pollen are present in a highly digestible form.
The protein content of pollen (including certain peptones and gloculins) ranges from 10 to 35 percent (according to its plant origin), with a mean average of 20 percent. Forty to fifty percent of this may be in the form of free amino acids. All pollens contain the exact same number of 22 amino acids, yet different species produce varying amounts. The amino acids found in whole dry pollen fluctuate between 10 and 13 percent (26.88% protein or albuminous substances). This equals from 5 to 7 times the amino acids found in equal weights of beef, milk, eggs or cheese.
The following are protein content comparisons between pollen and "complete protein foods" (100 grams edible portion):
Isoleusine Leusine Lysine Methionine
Meat (beef) 0.93 1.28 1.45 0.42
Eggs 0.85 1.17 0.93 0.39
Cheese 1.74 2.63 2.34 0.80
Pollen 4.50 6.70 5.70 1.82
Phenylalamine Threonine Tryptophane Valine
Meat (beef) 0.66 0.81 0.20 0.91
Eggs 0.69 0.67 0.20 0.90
Cheese 1.43 1.38 0.34 2.05
Pollen 3.90 4.00 1.30 5.70
The quantitative analysis of amino acids (per 100 parts of dry matter) is as follows:
Arginine 5.3% Methionine 1.0%
Histidine 2.5% Phenylalamine 4.1%
Isoleucine 5.1% Threonine 4.1%
Leucine 7.1% Tryptophane 1.4%
Lysine 6.4% Valine 5.8%
These are the amino acids that are most indispensable in our daily diet, and which cannot be manufactured or synthesized in our system. They are also derived from natural sources in a usable form.
Approximately 35 grams of pollen each day will supply all the body's protein requirements. However, only 25 grams of pollen ingested daily will sustain a person in terms of providing sufficient amounts of each of the essential amino acids.
The albuminous substances in bee pollen consist of albumine, globuline, guanine, hypoxanthine, lecithin, nusleine, peptone, vernine and xanthine.
The body will more effectively utilize the protein in food if there is a larger selection of amino acids available.
Bee pollen contains from 10 to 15 percent natural sugars, including fructose, glucose, pentose, raffinose, stachyose and sucrose. These are essentially the same simple natural sugars that are found in honey, and which exist in easily-digested chains and bonds. Many are converted to a predigested form by the enzymatic action of the bee's salivary glands.
The total content of natural sugars in pollen range from 30 to 40 percent; glucose, from 25 to 48 percent; reducing sugars, from 7.5 to 40 percent; and non-reducing sugars, from 0.1 to 19 percent. The non-reducing sugars in the bee-collected pollen average 2.7 percent while the reducing sugars range from 18 to 41 percent, with a mean average of 25 percent. However, the values for both reducing and non-reducing sugars in hand-collected pollen may be approximately the reverse of this. In hand-collected pollen, reducing sugars range from 0 to 7.5 percent and non-reducing sugars may be as much as 22 percent.
Pollen may also contain up to 44 percent of carbohydrates or glucides. The starches found in bee pollen are sometimes combined with other carbohydrates, and may average anywhere from 1 to 22 percent.
The highly-resistant exterior wall membranes of pollen are composed of sporonine and cellulose. This complex carbohydrate is unextractable from pollen, and ranges from 7 to 57 percent in various species.
The undetermined percentages of pollen that remain after the removal of water (or moisture), ash, sugars, starch, protein and ether extracts consist primarily of the pollen shell (or sporonine). This ranges from 21 to 35 percent in bee-collected pollen, with a mean average of 28.55 percent. However, the average is approximately 57 percent for hand-collected pollen.
Although various other extractives may range from 1 to 25 percent in pollen, fats and oils may constitute only 5 percent. In some cases, the levels of fatty acids in pollen are about 5.8 percent. However, hexadecanol has been found in amounts totalling about 0.14 percent of pollen weight. In addition, alpha-amino-butyric acid has been identified in pollen fat. Furthermore, the unsaponifiable fraction of pollen weight may total as much as 2.6 percent.
In addition bee pollen also contains lecithin, amines, nuclein, guanine, xanthine, hypoxanthine, vernine, waxes, gums, resins, hydrocarbons (0.57%), sterols (0.6%), polypeptides, DNA, ribose, desoxyribose, hexuronic acid, vegetable oils (5% average) and various growth factors.
Certain enzymes are also present in pollen, and are the essential biological catalysts during the digestive process (pollen also aids in the proper digestion of other foods). The enzymes found in bee pollen include amylase, catalase, cozymase, cytochrome, dehydrogenase, diaphorase, diastase, lactic acids, pectase and phosphatase. A mixture of fresh pollen may contain anywhere from 500 to 1,000 micrograms of cozymase per gram, which compares favorably with the amounts found in yeast. In addition, the alcoholic fermentation of pollen is identical with that of yeast.
The heating of pollen will destroy the valuable enzymes and vitamin C content.
Fungus spores are sometimes found intermingled with pollen.
The water content of fresh pollen ranges from 3 to 20 percent. This water content must be carefully removed by proper dyhydration methods (dessication) in order to retain its fragile elements, as well as to preserve the total integrity of its properties.
Bee pollen also contains active antibiotic substances that immediately destroy harmful pathogenic bacteria upon contact.
Bee-collected pollen usually contains nectar and saliva. When mixed with honey, this pollen may be stored in comb cells where it undergoes a lactic acid fermentation process in order to produce "bee bread" (which contains high levels of vitamin E and K).
Pollen is superior to both honey and royal jelly, and possesses a similar (but more stable) composition to that of royal jelly. The overall stability of bee pollen is more advantageous when used in dietetics, as well as an effective form of skin care during corrective dermatology. Since pollen contains fatty acids, this may account for its favorable effect upon the skin and dermal tissues. The anti-fungal action in human perspiration is due to the presence of certain fatty acids such as caprylic, propionic and undecyclenic acids.
Many of the active ingredients in bee pollen consist of substances (such as hormones) that accelerate plant growth.
Many universities and colleges throughout the world are discovering the mounting evidence of high performance levels associated with the use of bee pollen.
Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Pliny and Virgil all referred to pollen's substantial rejuvenating power, as well as its ability to retard aging.
Russia's known centenarians were usually beekeepers whose diets included large amounts of "scrap" honey, which is a pollen-saturated honey residue salvaged from the bottom of beehives.
Bee pollen has a dramatic effect upon mental perception during athletic performances.
The I.Q.'s of children have been doubled during documented clinical tests, and resistance to stress has been significantly increased in both animals and humans.
Experiments by French doctors have revealed that pollen contains both natural antibiotic properties and significant growth factors. Bee pollen was used solely as a source of nutrients for prolonged periods (6 months), and displayed extremely successful results in terms of growth promotion. This growth factor usually varies according to the quantity of pollen ingested, and often produces an acceleration of growth.
The ingestion of pollen on a regular basis for a healthy person will usually accomplish the following:
1. Protect against any insufficiencies in vitamins, minerals and amino acids --- especially during pregnancy, lactation, and intensive physical or mental work.
2. Permit achievement of optimal physical and intellectual output.
3. Provide greater reinforcement to the body during its resistance towards any external aggression.
4. Forestall any internal metabolic disorders that eventually generate various disease-conditions.
Pollen provides those chemical substances from which are created glands, muscles, hair and vital organs. In addition, it also furnishes those essential materials that are necessary for the repair of any worn-out cells or tissues.
Bee pollen also produces regulatory (amphoteric) activity upon the gastro-intestinal functions, both in relation to chronic constipation and certain cases of diarrhea that are highly resistant to synthetic antibiotic therapy. Furthermore, pollen regulates the intestines by destroying or weakening any harmful bacteria while simultaneously promoting the growth of health-giving species (intestinal flora).
Bee Pollen is extremely valuable as an adaptogen by assisting in both weight gain or loss, as well as in the reduction of hypertension or increasing the overall metabolic functions. Bee Pollen both regulates and stimulates the metabolism in the human organism by supplying the missing factors (or catalysts) that other foods do not provide while neutralizing the catabolic effects of various toxins, environmental pollutants, synthetic drugs or food additives, thereby producing healthier cells, improved health and well-being and a longer life-span.
Pollen enhances the metabolism by creating endless chain reactions throughout the entire system. The essential minerals and other natural elements in bee pollen act as catalysts, and are responsible for the assimilation of that portion of foods which would normally have been eliminated without yielding the energy, essential nutrients and other benefits (which usually occurs on a regular basis with most adulterated foods).
Bee Pollen accelerates the normal cellular processes throughout the entire organism, and acts as a catalyst in order to stimulate intercellular metabolic activities without profoundly modifying normal physiological activity.
The overall effects of pollen are multiple, i.e., it does not appear to possess only one specific physiological function but, rather, activates the systemic biological functions.
Elements that exist in microgram quantities (such as those found in Bee Pollen) can interact with co-enzymes as catalysts, or can act synergistically (i.e., the elements' action combined is greater than the sum of their actions taken separately).
During many years of testing, pollen has been notable for its lack of harmful side-effects. Few medications rank with bee pollen in terms of its lack of toxicity. It is a completely natural product that is well tolerated by the body and compatible with all other forms of therapy. In addition, it is easy to digest and suitable for all ages. Furthermore, it provides increased protection and greater resistance against any invasive or harmful pathogenic bacteria, and provides increased and sustainable energy-levels throughout the entire organism.
There are approximately 35,000 miles of capillaries in the human body, and pollen assists in the elimination of sludge and other waste materials that constantly accumulates in these ducts (due to stress from modern living habits, processed foods, synthetic drugs and environmental pollutants). If only a fraction of an inch of these 35,000 miles of ducts should burst in the brain, it could be fatal or else produce partial or total paralysis for the remainder of the lifespan.
Rutin is a glucoside that provides increased resistance to the walls of the capillaries, and its primary duty is to reinforce the general resistance throughout the entire capillary system. Rutin protects the entire organism against capillary permeability resulting from excessive radiation of x-rays or consecutive histamine injections. The richest supply of rutin is found in buckwheat pollen.
Rutin is especially beneficial to the intellectual functions, as well as in conditions involving cerebral hemorrhage or heart disorders. The actions of rutin are also vascular and slightly hypotensive, and it also acts as a diuretic. Rutin also diminishes the time of bleeding within proportions of from 30 to 40 percent, as well as shortens coagulation time. Furthermore, it corrects the capillary fragility during parturition while preventing meningeal hemorrhages in infants. Capillary resistance in pregnant women is improved by 60 percent within 10 days of the initial adminstration of rutin.
In convalescents, bee pollen creates a rapid increase in both weight and energy-levels, and from 1 to 3 tablespoonsful should be taken daily by invalids or those in a poor state of health who require total rejuvenation (such as the elderly).
Pollen is also successful in treating hypertonic illness, as well as disorders of the nervous or endocrine glandular systems. It produces the desired stabilizing effects of either increasing low blood pressure or reducing high blood pressure. In addition, it provides a calming and tranquilizing (sedative) effect without any contraindications or harmful side-effects.
Bee pollen is highly recommended for both mentally-retarded and anemic children, as well as for those suffering from rickets. Test results indicate a significant increase in red blood corpuscles (up to 30 percent) and an increase in the hemoglobin count (averaging about 15 percent). When these children are given supplementary doses of pollen and glutamic acid, their overall improvement is drmatically accelerated. The action of glutamic acid reacts directly upon the brown cells of the brain. Improvement is generally observed within the first 6 months, and reaches its peak towards the end of one year. The prescribed dosage is approximately 4 grams, 3 times a day.
Pollen contains large quantities of acetylcholine, which plays a varied and important role in the functional capabilities of the entire organism by provoking increased adrenaline secretions. It also acts as a chemical mediator for the transmission of nerve impulses, which may indicate why pollen stimulates increased glandular secretions while acting as a tonic to the entire nervous system.
By stimulating the secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex, bee pollen assists in regulating (1) salt and water metabolism, (2) neuromuscular function, (3) carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism, (4) resistance to many physical and chemical agents or infections, and (5) increased activity upon hair growth, skin and sexual functions (including the improvement of secondary sexual characteristics).
Pollen also stimulates both adrenal and liver secretions in order to allow the liver to secrete additional quantities of glycoge, thereby elevating the blood sugar levels (which greatly benefits those with symptoms of hypoglycemia).
Allergy attacks brought on by pollen are normally produced by wind-carried pollens, and not by bee-collected pollens. Wind-generated pollens usually stimulate a cleansing process throughout the entire respiratory tract, especially among those who consume excessive quantities of mucus-producing foods during the winter months.
Bee pollen may be safely administered by everyone, even those persons who are prone to allergies such as hayfever, as they will usually suffer no ill-effects. Allergenic properties are always neutralized by the nectar and enzymes secreted by the bees. Raw honey has been specifically recommended by many professional allergists as having an immunizing effect upon the majority of pollen-stimulated allergies. This is usually a direct result of the pollen and related substances that are found in both unfiltered and uncooked honey which, when ingested, form a natural oral immunization against allergies.
In Sweden, pollen extracts or concentrates are obtained from two different types of extracts, namely (1) hydrosoluble cernitin (T60), and (2) lipoidsoluble cernitin (GBX1). There are 60 mg. of cernitin T60 and 3 mg. of cernitin GBX1 in "cernilton", which is unsurpassed in preventing and reducing common virus infections and related infectious conditions (due to its interferon activity). These pollen extracts are capable of penetrating cell walls, thereby being directly absorbed into the cells. This allows them to directly stimulate interferon production, thereby increasing the normal resistance against virus attacks (such as influenza and other viral infections). Vaccines are ususally only effective against viral attack from one specific virus, however, protection is normally afforded against most types of viruses when the cells are stimulated to produce interferon. Bee pollen also produces significant increases in both leukocytes and epitrocytes. The natural antibiotics found in pollen (of which penicillin is merely a prototype) will prevent the growth of certain microorganisms.
Additional medical properties found in pollen include: (1) bacteriostatic (arrests the growth of harmful pathogenic bacteria), (2) cytophylactic and cytotoxic (cellular defense against infection and toxins), and (3) anti-anorexic (stimulates increased appetite, but only for those who lack it).
Pollen is highly successful in removing the symptoms of vegetative dystonia accompanied by a predominance of thyrogenous symptoms.
Bee pollen also displays an effect similar to that of the drug amphetamine in that it acts as a "psycho-tonic". However, it does not manifest any depressive side-effects.
Pollen allows significantly increased amounts of oxygen to reach the brain and the cells in general, thereby resulting in improved overall health and mental capabilities.
Pollen will also accelerate increased tissue repair throughout the entire organism, thereby making it extremely effective in the removal of scar tissue following surgical operations.
Bee pollen displays amphoteric (regulatory) properties in order to restore equilibrium and harmony to all the bodily functions.
Pollen will reduce any excess body weight during conditions involving obesity or overweight, while increasing body weight during any underweight conditions.
Bee pollen is extremely effective in small doses, and its overall effects are usually quite prolonged.
When employed either alone or combined with other therapies, pollen has been extremely successful for the following ailments or disease-conditions:
Aging (premature) Infections
Alcoholism Infection, Intestinal
Angina Pectoris Instability
Anorexia Intestinal Disorders
Anxietyleukemia Intestines, Inflamed
Appetite, loss of Jaundice
Atherosclerosis Liver Disorders
Brain Infection Longevity
Buerger's Disease Memory, Loss of
Burns and Scalds Menopause
Cancer Mental Retardation
Capillary Fragility Migraine Headaches
Cardiovascular Dis. Mucus, Bloody
Cavities Multiple Sclerosis
Cerebral Hemorrhage Nervous Disorders
Climacteric Disorders Neurasthenia
Colitis Parkinson's Disease
Constipation, Chronic Protatitis, Chronic
Debility, General Psycho-Neuralgic Disorders
Diarrhea, Chronic Pyurea (Pus in Urine)
Diverticulosis, Sigma- Rheumatism, Articular
Dysuria Rheumatoid Arthritis
Enterorenal Disorders Sexual Disorders
Fatigue (Ocular) Stress, Effects of
Fever, Intermittent Teeth, Impaired Growth of
Gangrenous Wounds Ulcers (Digestive/Peptic)
Growth (Stunted) Urinary Disorders
Hair Loss Weakness, Bodily
Hayfever Weight Gain
Headaches, Chronic Weight Loss
Impotence Withdrawal Symptoms
Bee pollen also greatly assists the following physiological functions:
accelerates the growth of healthy new cells
promotes increased tissue repair
enhances greater toxic elimination
reduces excessive cholesterol levels
increases low blood pressure
reduces high blood pressure
promotes increased resistance to infection
activates the glands of internal secretion
stimulates increased gastric secretory flows
stabilizes the entire nervous system
improves fertility in women
retards the growth of benign or malignant tumors
eliminates excessive calcium deposits
expels excessive uric acid accumulations
shortens the convalescence time-period
restores normal and healthy appetites
promotes increased growth of skin tissue
counteracts skin wrinkling
regulates all the systemic biological functions
increases calmness and relaxation
retards normal aging effects
promotes increased concentration/memory improvement
retards premature senility
enhances sexual activity
promotes increased strength, vigor and vitality
provides increased stamina, endurance and energy-levels
promotes a more optimistic outlook on life
provides an overall feeling of well-being
Bees usually secrete a substance from their stomachs in order to allow the individual pollen granules to stick together and eventually form pellets that will adhere to their rear legs ("pollen baskets"). This secretion will transform the various pollens into an active product containing different forms of diastase.
Pollen grains are intricately designed so that they become virtually immune from decay under certain anaerobic conditions. Pollen must be completely dehydrated in order to prevent spoilage. Air-dried pollen will eventually wrinkle, and its nutritive value will decline with age. However, "bee bread" pollen closely resembles fresh pollen in both appearance and food value even after 1 or 2 years.
Pollen/honey cakes can be created by kneading six or seven layers of pollen and honey together, and then spreading it out to dry thoroughly. It is then sliced into strips (roughly 5 inches long) and allowed to dry for from 3 to 4 days, and then stored for future use as survival food during famines, crop failures or drought.
By combining the pollen with the honey, the pollen becomes incapable of deterioration or decay while it is immersed within the honey. Bacteria cannot thrive in a honey medium, due to its hygroscopic (anti-moisture) properties. By storing this combination of pollen and honey beneath a pyramid structure, both the pollen and honey will remain pure and intact for many years through a process known as mummification.
It is possible to imitate the bee's method of storing pollen by creating an artificial form of "bee bread". This is accomplished by dissolving 15 pounds of honey into 25 pounds of water, which is brought to a boil and then immediately cooled. Add 100 pounds of air-dried pollen to this solution. The resultant blend is mixed and kneaded by hand or with a suitable blender, and is then placed into a crock jar where it is lightly tamped. The contents are covered with a wooden disk supporting a stone weight. After standing at a temperature of from 96 to 97 degrees Fahrenheit for from 4 to 6 days, the wooden disk and weight are removed. The crock is then sealed with a melted mixture of one part beeswax and three parts paraffin. This jar is then stored in a cool, dry place.
The maximum amount of pollen that can be collected from a single beehive is approximately 200 grams (one gram comprises 125 pellets). By placing a five-pound jar of honey inside the hive, the amount of pollen that can be harvested will nearly double. This five-pound container allows the bees to have a constant supply of honey readily available to supply the needs of their colony, thereby allowing them to devote more time and energy in the search for pollen.
Bees will not only avoid toxic plants (including those sprayed with harmful pesticides), but they also seek those plants that contain the highest nutritional values.
It is impossible to remove too much pollen from the ecological system. The more pollen that is harvested allows even more to be produced, so this is one of the most productive cycles in existence.
A dosage of from 15 to 20 grams (one-half ounce) will usually meet the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for adults. Approximately 30 to 32 grams are necessary in order to anabolically strengthen and tone a person, whereas anywhere from 15 to 20 grams are essential for the proper maintenance of good health in active adults.
Children from 3 to 5 years of age require 12 grams of pollen, while those from 6 to 12 years need 16 grams daily.
The daily dose can be increased up to 35 grams (1 ounce equals 28 grams), considering the differences in age, weight and overall state of health. This dosage will also provide greater preventative maintenance against a lack of essential amino acids.
Do not begin using bee pollen with a dose larger than 1 tablespoonful, twice a day. After one week, gradually increase the dosage from 1 tablespoonful up to 4 tablespoonfuls (1 tablespoonful equals approximately one-fourth ounce). One ounce of bee pollen (4 tablespoonfuls) is equivalent to three cooked meals in terms of nutrient content.
While this small dosage acts as a mild hypotensive, it also possesses stimulant properties and may upset your gastro-intestinal system if taken in large quantities during the initial stages (due to its powerful cleansing effects).
Pollen should be ingested preferably on an empty stomach, and there is no danger of toxicity from ingesting it (as it is an unadulterated product).
Pollen gathered for human consumption requires careful processing techniques, including drying, cleaning and sorting. Bee pollen should be selected for its quality and flavor, especially since the amount of flavor in any given food usually determines the levels of nutrient content. Proper processing requires meticulous handling, and poor quality pollens (that are inexpensively priced) should always be avoided. The overall taste of bee pollen ranges from bitter to sweet, depending upon the particular variety or species of flower from which it was obtained.
Pollen should be kept refrigerated or stored in a cool, dry place at all times in order to protect its vital qualities. Cooking is not advisable, due to the destruction of essential enzymes caused by excessive heat.
Bee pollen should be consumed in its pure form at least 30 minutes before meals, especially if it is being used for the purpose of losing excess weight. It can also be mixed with honey, thereby producing a candy substitute if made into cakes and dried under direct sunlight. Pollen also becomes a healthy substitute for mother's milk when combined with nut milks, such as almond milk. It can also be blended into fruit or vegetable dressing, or you can dissolve pollen in your favorite herb tea, fruit or vegetable juice (e.g., pineapple and tomato juice blend well together). Pollen may also be sprinkled onto ice cream, granola, sandwiches or salads, or take a banana and dip it directly into the pollen. You may also wish to dissolve 1 teaspoonful of pollen and 1 teaspoonful of honey in a cup of hot water and drink before breakfast.
Pollen may be consumed in its natural pellet form, or it may be pulverized by the use of a blender or coffee grinder in order to incorporate it into butter, jam, or a mixture of butter and honey.
Bee Pollen should never be purchased in powder, tablet or capsule form, as any commercial pulverizing process of pollen is usually accompanied by a certain amount of adulteration.
Pollen will usually ferment within 24 hours if it is moist and not refrigerated.
Heat will normally decrease the health value of bee pollen, as is the case with nearly all foods.
Vitamins Mg Per Oz.
Vitamin A Alpha .31/Beta .122
Vitamin B1 .198
Vitamin B2 .459
Vitamin B3 2.551
Vitamin B6 .119
Vitamin B12 .00002
Vitamin C 1.304
Vitamins Mg Per Oz.
Vitamin A Alpha .31/Beta .122
Vitamin B1 .198
Vitamin B2 .459
Vitamin B3 2.551
Vitamin B6 .119
Vitamin B12 .00002
Vitamin C 1.304
Iodine 6.237 mcg
Carbohydrates 5.15 grams
Fiber 1.02 grams
Reducing Sugars 8.25 grams
Ash .65 grams
Enzymes Units Per Gram
Amino Acids Mgs Per Oz.
Protein 7.1 Grams Per Oz.
Calories .90 Per Oz.
FattyAcids 2.807 Grams/Oz.
Cholesterol 0 Percent